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Dennis Bird

Dennis  Bird
Title:Professor
Primary Affiliation:Department of Geological & Environmental Sciences
Office Location:Green Earth Sci.  229
Phone:(650) 723-1664
Fax:(650) 725-2199
E-mail:dbird@stanford.edu

Research

My students and I study chemical and physical processes related to water-rock reaction in Earth's crust, and the geologic consequences of life's metabolic processes. As theoretical geochemists, we investigate the properties of solution-mineral reactions to predict the nature of elemental mass transfer by reactive fluids in weathering, diagenetic, hydrothermal, and metamorphic environments. Recent efforts focus on the environmental geochemistry of chromium and arsenic, CO2 sequestration in large igneous provinces, paleoclimate proxies preserved in weathered basaltic tephras of the North Atlantic Igneous Province, and exhumation rates of ultra-high pressure metamorphic rocks of China. Our geobiology efforts focus on the geologic consequences of the photosynthesis on early Earth, specifically processes leading to the rise of continents, and in historic times, the effects of synpandemic fire suppression and reforestation in tropical Americans on atmospheric CO2 during European conquest.

Teaching

I teach courses for graduate and undergraduate students on the geochemical thermodynamics of water-rock reactions relevant to understanding transport of elements of environmental concern, and to understanding diagenetic, hydrothermal, metamorphic, and igneous processes in Earth's crust. I teach a lower division undergraduate seminar on the geologic background and environmental impact of the California Gold Rush, a class that satisfies the university second year Writing and Rhetoric Requirement (WRR2), and I co-teach the Senior Seminar in GES, which satisfies the Writing in the Major requirement (WIM) for our undergraduates. For the past 17 years I have been the faculty advisor for Stanford's Outdoor Education Program (OEP), a group of student instructors who teach the Wilderness Skills Class in GES (GES 7A[Fall], 7B[Winter], and 7C[Spring])

Professional Activities

Associate editor, American Journal Science (1987-present); fellow, Mineralogical Society of America (2001); School of Earth Sciences Teaching Award (1990); GES Undergraduate Program Director (2002-present); member, Stanford University Writing and Rhetoric Governance Board (2006-present); member, GES Graduate Admissions Committee (2005-06)

Education

  • 1978 | Ph.D. Geology University of California, Berkeley 
  • 1975 | M.S. Geology University of California, Riverside
  • 1971 | B.S. Geology University of California, Riverside

Professional Experience

  • 1998 - Present | Professor of Geological & Environmental Sciences Stanford University 
  • 1993 - 1998 | Associate Professor of Geological & Environmental Sciences Stanford University 
  • 1989 – 1993 | Associate Professor of Geology Stanford University 
  • 1982 - 1989 | Assistant Professor of Geology Stanford University 
  • 1981 - 1982 | Research Associate Department of Geosciences, University of Arizona 
  • 1980 - 1981 | Lecturer Department of Geosciences, University of Arizona 
  • 1978 - 1980 | Postdoctoral Research Fellow Department of Geosciences, University of Arizona 
  • 1972 | Field Geologist U.S. Geological Survey, Denver
  • 1968 - 1971 | Surveyor U.S. Forest Service

Honors & Awards

  • 2001 | Fellow, Mineralogical Society of America 
  • 1990 | Stanford School of Earth Sciences Teaching Award 
  • 1974 | Arthur L. Coggins Research Fellowship, Department of Civil Engineering, U.C. Berkeley, for field investigation of geothermal systems in the North Island of New Zealand
  • 1974 | The American Association of Petroleum Geologists Grant-in-Aid for master's thesis studies

University Service

  • 2011-present | Member, School and Earth Sciences Geobiology search Committee
  • 2008 - Present | Member, I-Earth Committee 
  • 2006 - 2011 | Member, Writing and Rhetoric Governance Board 
  • 2004 - 2007 | Member, Graduate Admissions Committee (GES) 
  • 2002 - Present | Undergraduate Program Director (GES) 
  • 2000 - 2001 | Member, Undergraduate Planning Committee 
  • 1996 - 2000 | Member, Graduate Admissions Committee 
  • 1995 - 1996 | Member, Geohistory and Geology display Committee for Geology Corner 
  • 1994 - 2000 | Member, Mudd, Gamble Ore Deposits Fund Committee 
  • 1994 - 2000 | Member, Howard Fund committee 
  • 1994 - 2000 | Member, Lawton and Jenkins Fund Committee 
  • 1994 - 2001 | Member, GES 1 (Planet Earth) Committee 
  • 1994 - 1999 | Chairman, G&ES Undergraduate Committee 
  • 1993 - 2000 | Co-Chair, G&ES Undergraduate Affairs 
  • 1992 - Present | Faculty advisor, Stanford Outdoor Education Program 
  • 1988 - 2001 | Member, Advisory Board, Stanford Center of Teaching and Learning
  • 1986 - 1996 | Chairman, G&ES Shell Foundation Fund Committee

Professional Activities

  • 2006 | Guest editor, Lithos Special Issue on Magmatism and Tectonism of Greenland Rifts: A Tribute to C. Kent Brooks. 
  • 2004 | Invited Lecture, Epidote in Geothermal Systems, MSA Short Course, Copenhagen, Dk 
  • 2004 | Invited Lecture, Four Decades of Geologic Research in the Tertiary Igneous Province of East Greenland, Brorfielde Observatory, DK. 
  • 2002 | Invited lecture, Iceland Deep Drilling Project workshops, Iceland 
  • 2000 – 2001 | Invited lecturer, Nordic Research Council, Denmark/Greenland 
  • 1996 – 1997 | Member Executive Committee, Volcanology, Geochemistry and Petrology Section, American Geophysical Union 
  • 1996 – 1997 | Chairman, Bowen Award Committee, American Geophysical Union
  • 1987 – Present | Associate Editor, American Journal of Science

Courses Taught

  • 2012 (Spring) | GES 7C Advanced Wilderness Skills [Enrolled 5]
  • 2012 (Spring) | GES 801 TGR Project [Enrolled 1]
  • 2012 (Spring) | GES 802 TGR Dissertation [Enrolled 1]
  • 2012 (Winter) | GES 7B Intro to Wilderness Skills [Enrolled 12]
  • 2012 (Winter) | GES 55Q California Gold Rush [Enrolled 15]
  • 2012 (Winter) | GES 801 TGR Project [Enrolled 1]
  • 2012 (Winter) | GES 802 TGR Dissertation [Enrolled 1]
  • 2011 (Fall) | GES 7A Intro to Wilderness Skills [Enrolled 9]
  • 2011 (Fall) | GES 150 Senior Seminar Earth Sciences [Enrolled 3]
  • 2011 (Fall) | GES 171 Geochemical Thermodynamics [Enrolled 10]
  • 2011 (Fall) | GES 400 Graduate Research [Enrolled 3]
  • 2011 (Summer) | GES 400 Graduate Research [Enrolled 4]
  • 2011 (Spring) | GES 400 Graduate Research [Enrolled 3]
  • 2011 (Spring) | GES 7C Advanced Wilderness Skills [Enrolled 8]
  • 2011 (Winter) | GES 400 Graduate Research [Enrolled 3]
  • 2011 (Winter) | GES 802 TGR Dissertation [Enrolled 1]
  • 2011 (Winter) | GES 55Q CA Gold Rush [Enrolled 14]
  • 2011 (Winter) | GES 7B Intro to the Wilderness Skills [Enrolled 8]
  • 2010 (Fall) | GES 150 Senior Seminar Earth Sciences (w/ Egger) [Enrolled 4]
  • 2010 (Fall) | GES 400 Graduate Research [Enrolled 1]
  • 2010 (Fall) | GES 802 TGR Dissertation [Enrolled 1]
  • 2010 (Fall) | GES 171 Geochemical Thermodynamics [Enrolled 8]
  • 2010 (Fall ) | GES 7A Intro to Wilderness Skills [Enrolled 9]
  • 2010 (Winter) | GES 55Q CA Gold Rush [Enrolled 14] 
  • 2010 (Summer) | GES 400 Graduate Research [Enrolled 2] 
  • 2010 (Winter) | GES 7B Intro to Wilderness Skills [Enrolled 9] 
  • 2010 (Winter) | GES 400 Graduate Research [Enrolled 2] 
  • 2010 (Winter) | GES 802 TGR Dissertation [Enrolled 1] 
  • 2010 (Spring) | GES 7C Advanced Wilderness Skills [Enrolled 4] 
  • 2010 (Spring) | GES 802 TGR Dissertation [Enrolled 1] 
  • 2010 (Spring) | GES 400 Graduate Research [Enrolled 2] 
  • 2010 (Summer) | GES 802 TGR Dissertation [Enrolled 1] 
  • 2009 (Winter) | GES 400 Graduate Research [Enrolled 3] 
  • 2009 (Winter) | GES 802 TGR Dissertation [Enrolled 1] 
  • 2009 (Winter) | GES 192 Ugrad Research in G&ES [Enrolled 1] 
  • 2009 (Winter) | GES 55Q CA Gold Rush [Enrolled 14] 
  • 2009 (Spring) | GES 7C Advanced Wilderness Skills [Enrolled 4] 
  • 2009 (Spring) | GES 400 Graduate Research [Enrolled 3] 
  • 2009 (Summer) | GES 400 Graduate Research [Enrolled 2] 
  • 2009 (Fall) | GES 150 Senior Seminar Earth Sciences (w/ Egger) [Enrolled 8] 
  • 2009 (Winter) | GES 7B Intro to Wilderness Skills [Enrolled 13] 
  • 2009 (Fall) | GES 171 Geochemical Thermodynamics [Enrolled 8] 
  • 2009 (Fall) | GES 7A Intro to Wilderness Skills [Enrolled 12] 
  • 2009 (Fall) | GES 400 Graduate Research [Enrolled 2] 
  • 2008 (Fall) | GES 400 Graduate Research [Enrolled 3] 
  • 2008 (Fall) | GES 802 TGR Dissertation [Enrolled 1] 
  • 2008 (Fall) | GES 171 Geochemical Thermodynamics [Enrolled 12] 
  • 2008 (Fall) | GES 7A Intro to Wilderness Skills [Enrolled 9] 
  • 2008 (Fall) |  GES 150 Senior Seminar Earth Sciences (w/ Egger) [Enrolled 10] 
  • 2008 (Spring) | GES 400 Graduate Research [Enrolled 2] 
  • 2008 (Summer) | GES 400 Graduate Research [Enrolled 3] 
  • 2008 (Spring) | GES 7C Advanced Wilderness Skills [Enrolled 8] 
  • 2008 (Winter) | GES 400 Graduate Research [Enrolled 3] 
  • 2008 (Winter) | GES 399 Advanced Projects [Enrolled 2] 
  • 2008 (Winter) | GES 55Q CA Gold Rush [Enrolled 14] 
  • 2008 (Winter) | GES 7B Intro to Wilderness Skills [Enrolled 3] 
  • 2008 (Fall) | GES 191 GES Field Trips [Enrolled 1] 
  • 2007 (Winter) | 399 Advanced Projects [Enrolled 1] 
  • 2007 (Winter) | 400 Graduate Research [Enrolled 3] 
  • 2007 (Winter) | 192 Ugrad Research in G&ES [Enrolled 1] 
  • 2007 (Winter) | 7B Intro to Wilderness Skills [Enrolled 10] 
  • 2007 (Fall) | 299 Field Research [Enrolled 1] 
  • 2007 (Fall) | 192 Ugrad Research in G&ES [Enrolled 1] 
  • 2007 (Fall) | 7A Intro to Wilderness Skills [Enrolled 5] 
  • 2007 (Fall) | 399 Advanced Projects [Enrolled 1] 
  • 2007 (Fall) | 400 Graduate Research [Enrolled 4] 
  • 2007 (Fall) | 171 Geochemical Thermodynamics [Enrolled 12] 
  • 2007 (Spring) | 7C Advanced Wilderness Skills [Enrolled 7] 
  • 2007 (Spring) | 55Q CA Gold Rush [Enrolled 16] 
  • 2007 (Fall) | GES 150 Senior Seminar Earth Sciences (w/ Egger) [Enrolled 5] 
  • 2007 (Fall) | GES 400 Graduate Research [Enrolled 2] 
  • 2007 (Fall) | GES 7A Intro to Wilderness Skills [Enrolled 6] 
  • 2007 (Fall) | GES 171 Geochemical Thermodynamics [Enrolled 11] 
  • 2007 (Winter) | GES 150 Senior Seminar Earth Sciences (w/ Egger) [Enrolled 5] 
  • 2007 (Summer) | 802 TGR Dissertation [Enrolled 1] 
  • 2007 (Summer) |  400 Graduate Research [Enrolled 2] 
  • 2007 (Spring) | 399 Advanced Projects [Enrolled 1] 
  • 2007 (Spring) | 400 Graduate Research [Enrolled 3] 
  • 2007 (Spring) | 192 Ugrad Research in G&ES [Enrolled 1] 
  • 2006 (Winter) | 399 Advanced Projects [Enrolled 1] 
  • 2006 (Winter) | 7B Intro to wilderness skills [Enrolled 10] 
  • 2006 (Fall) | 400 Graduate Research [Enrolled 4] 
  • 2006 (Fall) | 399 Advanced Projects [Enrolled 1] 
  • 2006 (Spring) | 192 Ugrad Research in G&ES [Enrolled 1] 
  • 2006 (Spring) | 399 Advanced Projects [Enrolled 1] 
  • 2006 (Spring) | 7C Adv Wilderness Skills [Enrolled 7] 
  • 2006 (Spring) | 55Q CA Gold Rush [Enrolled 16] 
  • 2006 (Spring) | 150 Senior Seminar Earth Sciences (cotaught with Anne Egger) [Enrolled 5] 
  • 2006 (Summer) | 400 Graduate Research [Enrolled 1] 
  • 2006 (Fall) | 192 Ugrad Research in GES [Enrolled 1] 
  • 2006 (Fall) | 171 Geochemical Thermodynamics [Enrolled 12] 
  • 2006 (Winter) | 400 Graduate Research [Enrolled 2] 
  • 2006 (Spring) | 400 Graduate Research [Enrolled 3] 
  • 2006 (Fall) | 199 Honors Program [Enrolled 1] 
  • 2006 (Winter) | 199 Honors Program [Enrolled 1] 
  • 2006 (Spring) | 199 Honors Program [Enrolled 1] 
  • 2006 (Fall) | 7A Intro to Wilderness Skills [Enrolled 6] 
  • 2006 (Winter) | 7B Intro to Wilderness Skills [Enrolled 9] 
  • 2006 (Winter) | 267 Solution-Mineral Equilibria [Enrolled 6] 
  • 2006 (Spring) | 192 Ugrad Research in GES [Enrolled 1] 
  • 2005 | GES 171 Geochemical Thermodynamics [Enrolled 16] 
  • 2005 | GES 7A Intro to Wilderness Skills [Enrolled 7] 
  • 2005 | GES 400 (AUT) Graduate Research [Enrolled 2] 
  • 2005 | GES 7B Intro to Wilderness Skills [Enrolled 7] 
  • 2005 | GES 400 (AUT) Graduate Research [Enrolled 2] 
  • 2005 (Spring) | 399 Advanced Projects [Enrolled 1] 
  • 2005 (Spring) | 55Q CA Gold Rush [Enrolled 9] 
  • 2005 (Spring) | 7C Advanced Wilderness Skills [Enrolled 6] 
  • 2005 (Winter) | 400 Graduate Research [Enrolled 2] 
  • 2005 (Spring) | 400 Graduate Research [Enrolled 1] 
  • 2005 (Spring) | 192 Ugrad Research in GES [Enrolled 1] 
  • 2005 (Winter) | 150 Senior Seminar Earth Sciences (cotaught with Anne Egger) [Enrolled 8] 
  • 2004 (Spring) | 7C Advanced Wilderness Skills [Enrolled 9] 
  • 2004 | GES55Q The California Gold Rush: Geologic Background & Environmental Impact [Enrolled 9] 
  • 2004 (Winter) | GES190 WIM Project [Enrolled 1] 
  • 2004 (Winter) | GES400 Graduate Research [Enrolled 1] 
  • 2004 | GES 7C Advance Wilderness Skills [Enrolled 8] 
  • 2004 (Spring) | GES 190 WIM Project [Enrolled 1] 
  • 2004 (Spring) | GES 400 Graduate Research [Enrolled 1] 
  • 2004 (Fall) | 171 Geochemical Thermodynamics [Enrolled 10] 
  • 2004 | GES7B Introduction to Wilderness Skills [Enrolled 11] 
  • 2003 | GES7B Introduction to Wilderness Skills [Enrolled 10] 
  • 2003 | GES267 Solution-Mineral Equilibria: Theory (w/ Chamberlain) [Enrolled 12] 
  • 2003 | GES7C Advanced Wilderness Skills [Enrolled 11] 
  • 2003 | GES55Q The California Gold Rush: Geologic Background & Environment Impact [Enrolled 12] 
  • 2003 | GES7A Introduction to Wilderness Skills [Enrolled 6] 
  • 2003 | GES171 Geochemical Thermodynamics [Enrolled 7] 
  • 2003 (Winter) | GES802 TGR Dissertation [Enrolled 1] 
  • 2003 (Winter) | GES400 Graduate Research [Enrolled 4] 
  • 2003 (Spring) | GES801 TGR Project [Enrolled 2] 
  • 2003 (Spring) | GES400 Graduate Research [Enrolled 1] 
  • 2003 (Fall) | GES400 Graduate Research [Enrolled 2] 
  • 2002 | GES171 Geochemical Thermodynamics [Enrolled 31] 
  • 2002 | GES007C Advanced Wilderness Skills [Enrolled 9] 
  • 2002 | GES007A/B An Introduction to Wilderness Skills [Enrolled 29] 
  • 2002 | GES369 Problems in Geochemistry [Enrolled 2] 
  • 2002 | GES469 Research in Geochemistry [Enrolled 15] 
  • 2002 | GES55Q SIS: The California Gold Rush - Geologic Background and Environmental Impact [Enrolled 12] 
  • 2002 | GES802 TGR Dissertation [Enrolled 2] 
  • 2002 | GES001 Fundamentals of Geology [Enrolled 57] 
  • 2002 | GES801 TGR Dissertation [Enrolled 2] 
  • 2000 | GES001 Fundamentals of Geology [Enrolled 32] 
  • 2000 | GES007 Wilderness Skills [Enrolled 39] 
  • 2000 | GES55Q Stanford Introductory Seminar: The California Gold Rush - Geologic Background and Environmental Impact [Enrolled 9] 
  • 2000 | GES171 Geochemical Thermodynamics [Enrolled 19] 
  • 2000 | GES469 Research in Geochemistry [Enrolled 20] 
  • 2000 | GES369 Problems in Geochemistry [Enrolled 1] 
  • 1999 | GES007 Wilderness Skills [Enrolled 22] 
  • 1999 | GES055 The California Gold Rush [Enrolled 5] 
  • 1999 | GES171 Geochemical Thermodynamics [Enrolled 15] 
  • 1999 | GES267 Solution-Mineral Equilibria:Theory [Enrolled 7] 
  • 1999 | GES469 Research in Geochemistry [Enrolled 18] 
  • 1999 | GES460 Research in Low-temperature Aqueous Geochemistry [Enrolled 2] 
  • 1998 | GES469 Research in Geochemistry [Enrolled 9] 
  • 1998 | GES171 Geochemical Thermodynamics [Enrolled 14] 
  • 1998 | GES007 Wilderness Skills [Enrolled 31]
  • 1998 | GES001 Planet Earth [Enrolled 53]

Publications

  • 2013 * |  Mott, A. V., Bird, D. K., Grove, M., Rose, N., Bernstein, S., MacKay, H., Krebs, J., Karrat Isfjord: A newly discovered Paleoproterozoic carbonatite-sourced REE deposit, Central West Greenland. Economic Geology, in press.
  • 2013 * | Pope, E. C., Bird, D. K., Arnorsson, S., Evolution of low-18O Iceland Crust. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, in press.
  • 2013 * | Pope, E. C., Bird, D. K., Arnorsson, S., Stable Isotopes of Hydrothermal Minerals as Tracers for Geothermal Fluids in Iceland. Geothermics, in press.
  • 2013 * | Zierenberg, R. A., Schiffman, Barfod, G. H., Lesher, C. E., Marks, N. E., Lowenstern, J. B., Mortenson, A. K., Pope, E. C., Bird, D. K., Reed, M. H., Fridleifsson, G. O., Elders, W. A., Composition and origin of rhyolite melt intersected by drilling in the Krafla geothermal field, Iceland. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, v. 165, p. 327-347.
  • 2012 * | Sleep, N. H., Bird, D. K., Pope, E. C., Paleontology of Earth's mantle. Annual Reviews of Earth and Planetary Sciences, V. 40, p. 277-300. 
  • 2012 * | Pope, E. C., Bird, D. K., Rosing, M. T., Isotope composition and volume of Earth's early oceans. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, doi:10.1073/pnas.1115705109. 
  • 2011 * | Sleep N. H., Bird, D. K., Pope, E. C., Serpentinite and the dawn of life. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, London, Biological Sciences B, V. 366, p. 2857-2869. 
  • 2011 * | Nevle, R. J., Bird, D. K., Ruddiman, W. F., Dull, R. A., Neotropical human-landscape interactions, fire, and atmospheric CO2 during European conquest. Holocene, V. 21, pg. 853-864. 
  • 2010 * | Rosing, M. T., Bird, D. K., Sleep, N. H., Bjerrum, C. J., No climate paradox under the faint early Sun. Nature, V. 464, p. 744-747. 
  • 2010 * | Elders, W. A., Fridleifsson, G. O., Zierenberg, R. A., Pope, E. C., Mortensen, A. K., Gudmundsson, A., Lowenstern, J. B., Marks, N. E., Owens, L., Bird, D. K., Reed, M., Olsen, N. J., Schiffman, P., Origin of rhyolite that intruded a geothermal well while drilling at the Krafla volcano, Iceland. Geology, V. 39, ;. 231-234. 
  • 2010 * | Dull, R., Nevle, R. J., Woods, W. I., Denevan, W. M., Bird, D. K., The Columbian Encounter and the Little Ice Age: Abrupt land use change, fire, and greenhouse forcing. Annals of the Association of American Geographers.V. 100, p. 1-17 . 
  • 2010 | Freedman, A. J. E., Bird, D. K., Arnorsson, S., Fridriksson, Th., Elders, W. A., Fridleifsson, G. O., Iceland Deep Drilling Project (IDDP): Hydrothermal minerals record CO2 partial pressures in the Reykjanes Geothermal System, Iceland. Proceeding World Geothermal Congress 2010, Bali, Indonesia, 25029 April 2010. 12 pages. 
  • 2010 | Olsen, N. J., Bird, D. K., Arnorsson, S., Fridkriksson, Th., Fridleifsson, G. O., Elders, W. A., Iceland Deep Drilling Project (IDDP): Arsenic distribution and mobility in active and fossil geothermal systems in Iceland.Proceeding World Geothermal Congress 2010, Bali, Indonesia, 25-29 April 2010, 10 pages. 
  • 2010 | Pope, E. C., Bird, D. K., Arnorsson, S., Fridriksson, Th., Elders, W. A., Fridleifsson, G. O.,Iceland Deep Drilling Project (IDDP): Stable isotope evidence of fluid evolution in Icelandic Geothermal Systems. Proceeding World Geothermal Congress 2010, Bali, Indonesia, 25-29 April 2010. 8 pages. 
  • 2009 | Pope, E. C., Bird, D. K., Arnorsson, S., Fridriksson, Th., Elders, W. A., Fridleifsson, G. O., The Iceland Deep Drilling Project: Stable isotope constraints of fluid source and evolution in Icelandic geothermal systems. Proceeding Geothermal Resources Council, Reno, NV, October 2009. 
  • 2009 * | Lemke, K. H., Rosenbauer, R. J., Bird, D. K., Synthesis and stability of peptides in early Earth hydrothermal systems. Astrobiology, v.9, p. 141-146. 
  • 2009 * | Freedman, A. J. E., Bird, D. K., Arnorsson, S., Fridriksson, Th., Elders, W. A., Fridleifsson, G. O., Hydrothermal minerals record variations in CO2 partial pressure in the Reykjanes geothermal system, Iceland. American Journal of Science.V. 309, p. 788-833. 
  • 2009 * | Mattinson, C. G., Wooden, J. L., Zhang, J. X., Bird, D. K., 2008, Paragneiss zircon geochronology and trace element geochemistry. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences.V. 35, p. 298-309. 
  • 2009 * | Pope, E. C., Bird, D. K., Arnorsson, S., Fridriksson, Th., Elders, W. A., Fridleifsson, G. O., 2008, Isotopic constraints on Ice Age fluids in active geothermal systems: Reykjavik, Iceland. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta.V.73, p. 4468-4488. 
  • 2009 * | Savage, K.S., Ashley, R.P., Bird, D.K., 2008, Geochemical evolution of a high-arsenic pit lake in the Mother Lode Gold District, California. Economic Geology, Harold C. Helgeson Special Issue.V. 104, p. 117-1211. 
  • 2009 * | Fridriksson, Th., Arnorsson, S., Bird, D. K., 2008, Processes controlling Sr in surface and ground waters of Tertiary tholeiitic floodbasalts in Northern Iceland. Geochimica et Cosomochima Acta, V. 73, p. 6727-6746. 
  • 2008 * | Nevle, R. J., Bird, D. K., Effects of syn-pandemic fire suppression and reforestation in the tropical Americas on atmospheric CO2 during European Conquest. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology.doi:10.1016/j.palaeo.2008.03.008, v.264, p. 25-38. 
  • 2008 * | Lemke, K.H., Rosenbauer, R.J., Bischoff, J.L., Bird, D.K., An hydrothermal experimental study of the cobalt-cobalt oxide redox buffer.Chemical Geology, v. 252, p. 136-144. 
  • 2008 * | Sleep, N.H., Bird, D.K., Evolutionary ecology during the rise of di-oxygen in the Earth's atmosphere. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, Biological Sciences. doi:10.1098/rstb.2008.0018 
  • 2008 * | Snow, C. A., Bird, D. K., Metcalf, J., McWilliams, M., Chronology of gold mineralization in the Sierra Nevada Foothills from 40Ar/39Ar dating of mariposite. International Geology Review, v. 50, p. 1-16. 2007 Bernstein, S., Knudsen, C., Bird, D. K., Bruun, M., Placer diamonds in unconsolidated sands of the Cretaceous Atane Fm, Disko Island, West Greenland. Report of the Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland, 2007/13, p. 1-62. 
  • 2007 * | Sleep, N. H., Bird, D. K., Niches of the pre-photosynthetic biosphere and geologic preservation of Earth's earliest ecology. Geobiology, DOI:10.111/j.1422-4669.2007.00105.x. 
  • 2007 * | Oze, C. Bird, D. K., Fendorf, S., Genesis of hexavalent chromium from natural sources in soil and groundwater. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol. 104, p. 6544-6549. 
  • 2007 * | Mattinson, C. G., Menold, C. A., Bird, D. K., 2007, High- and Ultrahigh-pressure metamorphism in the North Qaidam and South Altyn Terranes, Western China. International Geology Review, v. 49, p. 969-995. 
  • 2006 * | Rosing, M. T., Bird, D. K., Sleep, N. H, Glassley, W., and Albarede, F., The rise of continents - An essay on the geologic consequences of photosynthesis. Paleogeography, Paleoclimatology, Palaeoecology (Palaeo3), v. 232, p. 99-113. 
  • 2006 * | Neuhoff, P. S., Rogers, K. L., Stannius, L. S., Bird, D. K., and Pedersen, A. K., Regional very low-grade metamorphism of basaltic lavas, Disko-Nuussuaq Region, West Greenland. Lithos, v. 92, p. 33-54. 
  • 2006 * | Rogers, K. L., Neuhoff, P. S., Pedersen, A. K., and Bird, D. K., CO2 metasomatism in a basalt-hosted petroleum reservoir, Nuussuaq, West Greenland. Lithos, v. 92, p. 55-82. 
  • 2006 * | Mattinson, C. G., Wooden, J. L., Liou, J. G., Bird, D. K., Wu, C. L., Geochronology and tecctonic significance of Middle Proterozoic granitic orthogneiss, Nor Qaidam HP/UHP terrane, Western China. Mineralogy and Petrology, v. 88, p. 227-241. 
  • 2006 * | Mattinson, C. G., Wooden, J. L., Liou, J. G., Bird, D. K., Wu, C. L., Age and duration of ecologite-facies metamorphism, North Qaidam HP/UHP terrane, Western China. American Journal of Science, v. 306, p. 683-711. 
  • 2004 * | Oze, C., Fendorf, S., Bird, D. K., and Coleman, R. G., Chromium geochemistry in serpentinized ultramafic rocks and serpentine soils from the Franciscan Complex of California. American Journal of Science, v. 304, p. 67-101. 
  • 2004 * | Oze, C. Fendorf, S., Bird, D. K., and Coleman, R. G., Chromium geochemistry of serpentine soils. International Geology Review, v. 46, 9.97-126. 
  • 2004 * | Savage, K., Bird, D. K., and O'day, P. A., Arsenic speciation in synthetic jarosite. Chemical Geology, Special Issue ""Geochemistry of sulfide minerals"", C. N. Alpers, ed., v. 215, p. 472-498. 
  • 2004 * | Hessler, A. M., Lowe, D. R., Jones, B. L., and Bird, D. K., 2004, A lower limit for atmospheric carbon dioxide levels 3.2 billion years ago. Nature, v. 428, p. 736-738. 
  • 2004 * | Bird, D. K., and Spieler, A. R., 2004, Epidote in Geothermal Systems. Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry, ed. A. Liebscher and G. Franz, v. 56, pp. 235-300. 
  • 2004 * | Fridriksson, T., Neuhoff, P. S., Viani, B. E., and Bird, D. K., 2004, Binary ion-exchange experiments on heulandite at 55 and 85?C involving Ca2+, Sr2+, Na+ and K+. American Journal of Science, v. 304, p. 287-332. 
  • 2004 * | Sleep, N. H., Meibom, A., Fridriksson, Th., Goleman, R. G., and Bird, D. K., H2-rich fluids from serpentinization: Geochemical and biotic implications. Proceeding of the National Academy of Sciences, v. 101, p. 12818-12823. 
  • 2003 * | Neuhoff, P. S., Stebbins, J. F., and Bird, D. K., Si-Al disorder and solid solutions in analcime, chabazite, and wairakite. American Mineralogist, v. 88, p. 410-423. 
  • 2003 * | Fridriksson, T., Bish, D. L., and Bird, D. K., Hydrogen-bonded water in laumontite I: X-ray powder diffraction study of water site occupancy and structural changes in laumontite during room-temperature isothermal hydration/dehydration. American Mineralogist, v. 88, p. 277-287. 
  • 2003 * | Fridriksson, Th., Carey, J. W., Bish, D. L., Neuhoff, P. S., and Bird, D. K., Hydrogen-bonded water in laumontite II: Experimental determination of site-specific thermodynamic properties of hydration of the W1 and W5 sites. American Mineralogist, v. 88, p. 1060-1072. 
  • 2002 * | Hansen, H., Pedersen, A. K., Duncan, R. A., Bird, D. K., Brooks, C. K., Fawcett, J. J., Gittins, J., Gorton, M., and O'Day, P. A, Volcanic stratigraphy of the southern Prinsen af Wales Bjerge region, East Greenland. Geological Society of London, Special Publication, North Atlantic Igneous Province: Stratigraphy, tectonics, volcanic and magmatic processes. Geological Society of London, Special Publications, v. 197, p. 183-218. 
  • 2001 * | Parsons, M. B., Bird, D. K., Einaudi, M. T., and Alpers, C. N., Geochemical and mineralogical controls on trace element release from the Penn Mine base-metal slag dump, California. Applied Geochemistry, v. 16, p. 1567-1593. 
  • 2001 * | Heister, L.E., O'Day, P.A., Brooks, C. K., Neuhoff, P. S., and Bird, D. K., Pyroclastic deposits within the East Greenland Tertiary Flood Basalts, Journal of the Geological Society of London, v. 158, p. 269-284. 
  • 2001 * | Neuhoff, P. S., and Bird, D. K., Partial dehydration of laumontite: thermodynamic constraints and petrogenetic implications. Mineralogical Magazine, v. 65, p. 59-70. 
  • 2001 * | Fridriksson, Th., Neuhoff, P. S., Arnorsson, S., and Bird, D. K., Geologic constraints on the thermodynamic properties of the stilbite-stellerite solid solution in low-grade metabasalts. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 65, p. 3993-4008. 
  • 2000 * | Savage, K.S., Tingle, T.N., O'Day, P.A., Waychunas, G.A., and Bird, D.K., Arsenic speciation in pyrite and secondary weathering phases, Mother Lode Gold District, Tuolumne County, California. Applied Geochemistry, v. 15, p. 1219-1244. 
  • 2000 * | Neuhoff, P.S., Fridriksson, T., and Bird, D.K., Zeolite parageneses in the North Altantic Igneous Province: Implications for Geotectonics and Groundwater Quality of Basaltic Crust. International Geology Review, v. 42, p. 15-44. 
  • 2000 * | Savage, K.S., Bird, D.K., and Ashley, P.R., Legacy of the California Gold Rush: environmental geochemistry of arsenic in the Southern Mother Lode Gold District, International Geology Review. v. 42, p. 385-415. 
  • 2000 * | Arnason, J. G., and Bird, D. K., A gold- and platinum-mineralized layer in gabbros of the Kap Edvard Holm Complex: Field, petrologic, and geochemical relations. Economic Geology, v. 95, p. 945-970. 
  • 2000 * | Bernstein, S., and Bird, D.K., Formation of wehrlites through dehydration of metabasalt xenoliths in layered gabbros of the Noe-Nygaard Intrusion, SE Greenland. Geological Magazine, v. 137, p. 109-128. 
  • 1999 * | Neuhoff, P.S., Fridriksson, T., Arnorsson, S., and Bird, D.K., Porosity evolution and mineral parageneses during low-grade metamorphism of basaltic lavas at Teigarhorn, Eastern Iceland, American Journal of Science, v. 299, p. 467-501. 
  • 1999 * | Fridriksson, T., Neuhoff, P.S., Bird, D.K., and Arnorsson, S., Clays and zeolites record alteration history at Teigarhorn, eastern Iceland, Geochemistry of the Earth's Surface, ed. by H. Armannsson, A. A. Balkema, p. 377-380. 
  • 1999 * | Brandriss, M.E., and Bird, D.K., Effects of H2O on phase relations in layered gabbros of the Kap Edvard Holm Complex, Journal of Petrology, v. 40, p. 1037-1064. 
  • 1998 * | Tegner, C., Duncan, R.A., Bernstein, S., Brooks, C.K., Bird, D.K., and Storey, M., 40Ar/39Ar geochronology of Tertiary mafic intrusions along the East Greenland rifted margin: Relation to flood basalts and the Iceland hotspot track, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v.156, p. 75-88. 
  • 1997 * | Neuhoff, P. S., Watt, W. S., Bird, D. K., and Pederson, A. K., Timing and structural relations of regional zeolite zones in basalts of the East Greenland continental margin. Geology, v. 25, p. 803-806. 
  • 1997 * | Arnason, J. G., Bird, D. K., Bernstein, S., Keleman, P. B., Gold and platinum-group element mineralization in the Kruuse Fjord Complex, East Greenland, Economic Geology, v. 92, p. 490-501. 
  • 1997 * | Arnason, J. G., Bird, D. K., Bernstein, S., Rose, N. M., and Manning, C. E., Petrology and geochemistry of the Kruuse Fjord Gabbro Complex, East Greenland. Geological Magazine, v. 134, p. 67-89. 
  • 1996 * | Brandriss, M. E., Bird, D. K., O’Neil, J. R., and Cullers, R. L., Dehydration, partial melting and assimilation of metabasaltic xenoliths in gabbros of the Kap Edvard Holm Complex, East Greenland. American Journal of Science, v. 296, p. 333-393. 
  • 1995 * | Bird, D. K., Arnason, J. G., Brandriss, M. E., Nevle, R. J., Radford, G., Bernstein, S., Gannicott, R. A., and Keleman, P. B., A gold-bearing horizon in the Kap Edvard Holm Complex, East Greenland. Economic Geology, v. 90, p. 1288-1300. 
  • 1995 * | Brandriss, M. E., Nevle, R. J., Bird, D. K., and O’Neil, J. R., Imprint of meteoric water on the stable isotope compositions of igneous and secondary minerals, Kap Edvard Holm Complex, East Greenland. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, v. 121, p. 74-86. 
  • 1994 * | Manning, C.E., and Bird, D.K., Porosity, permeability and basalt metamorphism. Geological Society of America, Special Paper, no. 296, 123-140. 
  • 1994 * | Rose, N. M., and Bird, D. K., Hydrothermally altered dolerite dykes in East Greenland: implications for Ca-metasomatism of basaltic protoliths. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, v. 116, p. 420-432. 
  • 1994 * | Nevle, R. J., M. E. Brandriss, D. K. Bird, J. R. O'Neil, and M. O. McWilliams, Tertiary plutons monitor climate change in East Greenland. Geology, v. 22, p. 775-778. 
  • 1993 * | Manning, C.E., Ingebritsen, S.E., and Bird, D.K., Missing mineral zones in contact metamorphosed basalts. American Journal of Science, v. 293, p. 894-938. 
  • 1993 * | Arnason, J. G., Bird, D. K., and Liou, J. G., Variables controlling epidote composition in hydrothermal and low-pressure regional metamorphic rocks. In, Hock, V., Koller, F., eds., Abhandlungen der Geologischen Bundesanstalt, v. 293, p. 17-25. 
  • 1993 * | Enami, M., Suzuki, K., Liou, J. G., and Bird, D. K., Al-Fe3+ and F-OH substitutions in titanite and constraints on their P-T dependence. European Journal of Mineralogy, v. 5, p. 219-231. 
  • 1992 * | Enami, M., Liou, J. G., and Bird, D. K., Cl-bearing amphibole in the Salton Sea geothermal system. Canadian Mineralogist, v. 30, p. 1077-1092. 
  • 1992 * | Larsen, R.B., Brooks, C.K., and Bird, D.K., Methane-bearing, aqueous, saline solutions in the Skaergaard intrusion, East Greenland. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, v. 112, p. 428-437. 
  • 1992 * | Rose, N. M., Bird, D. K., and Liou, J. G., Experimental investigation of mass-transfer - albite, CaAl-silicates, and aqueous solutions. American Journal of Science, v. 292, p. 21-57. 
  • 1991 * | Bernstein, S., Rosing, M. T., Brooks, C. K.,and Bird, D. K., An ocean-ridge type magma-chamber at a passive volcanic, continental margin: the Kap Edvard Holm layered gabbro complex, East Greenland. Geological Magazine, v. 129, p. 437-456. 
  • 1991 * | Bird, D. K., Brooks, C. K., Gannicott, R. A., and Turner, P. A., A gold-bearing horizon in the Skaergaard Intrusion, East Greenland. Economic Geology, v. 86, no. 5, p.1083-1092. 
  • 1991 * | Fehlhaber, K., and Bird, D. K., Oxygen-isotope and mineral alteration in gabbros of the Lower Layered Series, Kap Edvard Holm Complex, East Greenland. Geology, v. 19, p. 819-822. 
  • 1990 * | Manning, C. E. and Bird, D. K., Evolution of porosity and fluid flow during contact metamorphism of basaltic host rocks of the Skaergaard intrusion. American Journal of Science, v. 291, p. 201-251. 
  • 1990 * | Manning, C. E., and Bird, D. K., Fluorian calcic garnets in the basalt host rocks of the Skaergaard intrusion. American Mineralogist, v. 75, no. 7 & 8, p. 859-873. 
  • 1989 * | Rosing, M. T., Lesher, C. E., and Bird, D. K., Chemical modification of East Greenland Tertiary magmas by two-liquid interdiffusion. Geology, v. 17, no. 7, p. 626-629. 
  • 1988 * | Bird, D. K., Manning, C. E., and Rose, N. M., Hydrothermal alteration of Tertiary layered gabbros, East Greenland. American Journal of Science, v. 288, p. 405-457. 
  • 1988 * | Bird, D. K., Cho, M., Janik, C. J., Liou, J. G., and Caruso, L. J., Compositional, order/disorder, and stable isotope characteristics of Al-Fe epidote, State 2-14 drill hole, Salton Sea geothermal system. Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 93, n. B11, p. 13,135-13,144. 
  • 1988 * | Cho, M., Liou, J. G., and Bird, D. K., Prograde phase relations in the State 2-14 well metasandstones, Salton Sea geothermal field, California. Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 93, n. B11, p. 13,081-13,103. 
  • 1988 * | Caruso, L. J., Bird, D. K., Cho, M., and Liou, J. G., Epidote-bearing veins in the State 2-14 drill hole: implications for hydrothermal fluid composition. Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 93, n. B11, p. 13,123-13,133. 
  • 1987 * | Rose, N. M., and Bird, D. K., Prehnite-epidote phase relations in the Nordre Aputiteq and Kruuse Fjord intrusions, East Greenland. Journal of Petrology, v. 28, p. 1193-1218. 
  • 1987 * | Rogers, R. D. and Bird, D. K., Fracture propagation associated with dike emplacement at the Skaergaard intrusion, East Greenland. Journal of Structural Geology, v. 9, p. 71-86. 
  • 1987 * | Rosing, M. T., Bird, D. K. and Dymek, R. F., Hydration of corundum-bearing xenoliths in the Qorqut granite complex, Godthabsfjord, West Greenland. American Mineralogist, v. 72, p. 29-38. 
  • 1987 * | Bishop, B. P., and Bird, D. K., Variation in sercite compositions from fracture zones within the Coso Hot Springs geothermal system. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 51, n. 5, p. 1245-1256. 
  • 1986 * | Stern, L. A., Brown, G. E., Jr., Bird, D. K., and Jahns, R. H., Mineralogy and geochemical evolution of the Little three pegmatite-aplite layered intrusive, Ramona, California. American Mineralogist, v. 71, p. 406-427. 
  • 1986 * | Manning, C. E., and Bird, D. K., Hydrothermal clinopyroxenes of the Skaergaard intrusion. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, v. 92, pp. 437-447. 
  • 1985 * | Bird, D. K., Rosing, M. T., Manning, C. E. and Rose, N. M., Geologic field studies of the Miki Fjord area, East Greenland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Denmark, v. 34, pp. 219-236. 
  • 1985 * | Schiffman, P., Bird, D. K., and Elders, W. A., Hydrothermal mineralogy of calcareous sandstones from the Colorado River delta in the Cerro Prieto geothermal system, Baja California, Mexico. Mineralogical Magazine, v. 49, p. 435-449. 
  • 1984 * | Norton, D., Taylor, H. P., Jr., and Bird, D. K., The geometry and high-temperature brittle deformation of the Skaergaard intrusion. Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 89, p. 10,178-10,192. 
  • 1984 * | Bird, D. K., Schiffman, P., Elders, W. A., Williams, A. E., and McDowell, S. D., Calc-silicate mineralization in active geothermal systems. Economic Geology, v. 79, p. 671-695. 
  • 1984 * | Elders, W. A., Bird, D. K., Williams, A. E., and Schiffman, P., Hydrothermal flow regime and magmatic heat source of the Cerro Prieto geothermal system, Baja California, Mexico. Geothermics, v. 13, p. 27-47. 
  • 1984 * | Schiffman, P., Elders, W. A., Williams, A. E., McDowell, S. D., and Bird D. K., Active metasomatism in the Cerro Prieto geothermal system, Baja California, Mexico: A telescoped low-pressure, low-temperature metamorphic facies series. Geology, v. 12, p. 12-15. 
  • 1981 * | Bird, D. K., and Helgeson, H. C., Chemical interaction of aqueous solutions with epidote-feldspar mineral assemblages in geologic systems. II. Equilibrium constraints in metamorphic /geothermal processes. American Journal of Science, v. 281, p. 576-614. 
  • 1981 * | Bird, D. K., and Norton. D. L., Theoretical prediction of phase relations among aqueous solutions and minerals: Salton Sea geothermal system. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 45, p. 1479-1493. 
  • 1980 * | Bird, D. K., and Helgeson, H. C., Chemical interaction of aqueous solutions with epidote-feldspar mineral assemblages in geologic systems. I. Thermodynamic analysis of phase relations in the system CaO-FeO-Fe2O3-Al2O3-SiO2-H2O-CO2. American Journal of Science, v. 280, p. 907-941.  

Advisee Degrees

  • 2010 | Emily C. Pope: Hydrogen and oxygen isotope fractionation in hydrous minerals as indicators of fluid sources in modern and fossil metasomatic environments. Ph.D. (Post-Doc. Nordic Center for Earth Evolution, Copenhagen University, Denmark)
  • 2009 | Uwe Martens:   Geologic evolution of the Maya Block (southern edge of the North American Plate): An example of terrane transferral and crustal recycling (Co-Advisor J. G. Liou), Ph.D. (Post-Doc GES Department) 
  • 2009 | Nellie J. Olsen:   The geochemistry of arsenic in Icelandic Geothermal Systems., M.S. (Research Associate GES Department, Stanford) 
  • 2007 | Elizabeth L. Donald:   Oxygen isotope signature of phosphate (apatite), calcite, and quartz: Applications to metamorphism, igneous processes, surface processes, and early life., Ph.D. (Geochemist, Clorox Corporation, CA) 
  • 2007 | Adam joshua Ehrich Freedman:   Biochemical stability of supercoiled DNA over electrolyte geochemical gradients as a clue to potential environmental conditions for the origin and subsequent evolution of DNA-based life., M.S. (Geochemist, Environmental Protection Agency) 
  • 2003 | Abigail Spieler:   Rare Earth elements in hydrothermal systems: Rare Earth element speciation in hydrothermal fluids and the origin of rare earth zoning in epidote, M.S. (Graduate student, Columbia University) 
  • 2003 | Thrainn Fridriksson:   Thermodynamic properties of zeolite solid solutions, Ph.D. (Geochemist, National Energy Authority, Iceland) 
  • 2003 | Kono H. Lemke:   Peptide synthesis under simulated deep-sea hydrothermal conditions, Ph.D. (Assistant Professor, University of Hong Kong) 
  • 2003 | Oze, Christopher:   Chromium geochemistry of serpentinites and serpentine soils., Ph.D. (Assistant Professor, Bryn Mawr) 
  • 2001 | Kaye S. Savage:   Arsenic geochemistry in mine environments and associated waters, Southern Mother Lode Gold district, California, Ph.D. (Assistant Professor, Vanderbilt University, TN) 
  • 2001 | Michael B. Parsons:   Geochemical and mineralogical controls on trace element release from base-metal smelter slags, Ph.D. (Geochemist, Canadian Geological Survey)
  • 2000 | Philip Stephen Neuhoff:   Thermodynamic Properties And Parageneses of Rock Forming Zeolites, Ph.D. (Assistant Professor, University of Florida)

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