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Franklin M. Orr, Jr.

Franklin M.  Orr, Jr.
Title:Keleen & Carlton Beal Professor; Director, Precourt Institute for Energy; Senior Fellow, Precourt Institute for Energy, Senior Fellow, Woods Institute for the Environment
Primary Affiliation:Department of Energy Resources Engineering
Office Location:Yang & Yamazaki Environment and Energy Building, Room 324
Phone:650-725-6270
Fax:650-725-9190
E-mail:fmorr@stanford.edu

Research

My students and I work to understand the physical mechanisms that control flow of multiphase, multicomponent fluids in the subsurface, using a combination of experiments and theory. The theory part includes numerical simulation of flow in heterogeneous porous rocks and coalbeds, often using streamline approaches, and it also involves solving by analytical methods the differential equations that describe the interactions of complex phase equilibrium and flow (porous rocks containing more than one flowing phase can sometimes act like a chromatograph, separating components as they flow). The experiments are used to test how well the models describe reality. Applications of this work range from enhanced oil and gas recovery to geologic storage of carbon dioxide (to reduce greenhouse gas emissions) to the transport of contaminants in aquifers.

Teaching

I teach a courses for graduate students on the mathematics of multiphase, multicomponent flow in porous media and on the thermodynamics of phase behavior. I also teach an undergraduate course on energy for freshmen.

Professional Activities

Member, National Research Council Committee on  Subsurface Characterization, Modeling, Monitoring, and Remediation of Fractured Rocks, 2013-present, Member, Technical Advisory Committee, Center for Sustainable Energy at Notre Dame; Member, Division Committee for the Division of Earth and Life Sciences of the National Research Council, 2012-present; Member, Energy Technology Innovation System Working Group, President's Council of Advisers on Science and Technology, 2010; Member, California Energy Future study committee (2009-2010); Member, NRC Committee on America's Energy Future (2007-2009); co-chair, Workshop on Basic Research Needs for the Geosciences, U.S. Dept. of Energy (2007); IOR Pioneer, Society of Petroleum Engineers (2006); Honorary Doctorate in Engineering, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, Scotland (2005); member, Advisory Board, Carbon Mitigation Initiative, Princeton University (2004-present); director, Global Climate & Energy Project, Stanford University; member, Faculty Leadership Committee, Stanford Institute for the Environment (2004-05); National Associate of the National Academies (2002); Robert Earl McConnell Award, AIME (2001); election to National Academy of Engineering (2000); member, Board of Directors, David and Lucile Packard Foundation (1999-2008); member, Provost's Committee on the Environment (1995-2004); member, Board of Directors, Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute (1987-present); Chair, Fellowships for Science and Engineering Advisory Panel, David and Lucile Packard Foundation (1990-present);

Education

  • 1976 | Ph.D., Chemical Engineering, University of Minnesota
  • 1969 | B.Sc., Chemical Engineering, Stanford University

Professional Experience

  • 2005 – Present | Senior Fellow, Woods Institute for the Environment
  • 1994 – 2011 | Professor (by Courtesy), Chemical Engineering, Stanford University
  • 1987 – Present | Professor of Petroleum Engineering, Stanford University
  • 1985 – 1987 | Associate Professor (Research) of Petroleum Engineering, Stanford University
  • 1978 – 1984 | Head, Miscible Flooding and Gas Injection, New Mexico Petroleum Recovery Research Center, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology
  • 1976 – 1977 | Research Engineer, Shell Development Company, Bellaire Research Center
  • 1970 – 1972 | Assistant to the Director, Office of Federal Activities, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

Honors & Awards

  • 2006 | IOR Pioneer, Society of Petroleum Engineers
  • 2005 | Honorary Doctorate in Engineering, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, Scotland
  • 2002 | National Associate of the National Academies
  • 2001 | Robert Earl McConnell Award, AIME
  • 2000 | National Academy of Engineering
  • 1994 | Keleen and Carlton Beal Chair, School of Earth Sciences
  • 1994 | Earth Sciences Teaching Award
  • 1993 | Society of Petroleum Engineers Distinguished Achievement Award for Petroleum Engineering Faculty
  • 1989 – 1990 | Distinguished Lecturer, Society of Petroleum Engineers

University Service

  • 2009 – Present | Director, Precourt Institute for Energy
  • 2004 – 2005 | Member, Faculty Leadership Committee, Stanford Institute for the Environment
  • 2002 – 2008 | Director, Global Climate and Energy Project
  • 1999 – 2000 | Chair, Provost's Committee on Faculty Housing Policy
  • 1997 – 1998 | Member, Search Committee for Director, Institute of International Studies
  • 1995 – 1999 | Member, Commission on Technology in Teaching and Learning
  • 1995 – 2004 | Member, Provost's Committee on the Environment
  • 1994 – 2002 | Dean, School of Earth Sciences
  • 1994 – 2002 | Member, Stanford in Washington Program Committee
  • 1986 – 2003 | Freshman advisor

Professional Activities

  • 2013 - present | Member, National Research Council Committee on Subsurface Modeling, Monitory, and Remediation of Fractured Rocks
  • 2013 - present | Member, Technical Advisory Board, Center for Sustainable Energy at Notre Dame
  • 2012 - present | Member, Division Committee for the Division of Earth and Life Sciences, National Research Council
  • 2011 - present | Member, Advisory Committee, Climateworks Foundation
  • 2011 - present | Member, Advisory Committee, Center for Frontiers of Subsurface Energy Security, University of Texas, Austin
  • 2009 – 2011 | Member, California's Energy Future Task Force
  • 2007 – 2009 | Member, NRC Committee on America's Energy Future
  • 2007 | Member, Visting Committee, Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Southern California
  • 2007 | Co-chair, Workshop on Basic Research Needs for the Geosciences, US Dept. of Energy
  • 2006 | Member, Committee to Visit Earth and Planetary Sciences, Harvard University
  • 2004 – Present | Member, Advisory Board, Carbon Mitigation Initiative, Princeton University
  • 2001 | Chairman, Committee on Coal Waste Impoundments, National Research Council
  • 1999 – 2008 | Member, Board of Directors, David and Lucile Packard Foundation
  • 1998 – 1999 | Chairman, Panel to Review Energy Resources Programs of the U.S. Geological Survey, National Research Council
  • 1997 – 2002 | Member, Board of Directors, American Geological Institute Foundation
  • 1996 – 2000 | Member, Basic Energy Sciences Advisory Committee, U.S. Department of Energy
  • 1987 – Present | Member, Board of Directors, Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute

Courses Taught

  • 2013 (Fall)THINK 39 Energy -- Understanding the Challenge, Developing Solutions
  • 2012 (Spring) Energy 225 Theory of Gas Injection Processes
  • 2011 (Fall) Energy 251 Thermodynamics of Phase Equilibria
  • 2011 (Spring) Energy 225 Theory of Gas Injection Processes
  • 2009 (Winter) | Energy 225 Theory Gas Injection Processes
  • 2007 (Fall) | Energy 363 Doc Res Pet Engr [Enrolled 1]
  • 2007 (Summer) | Energy 355 PhD Industry Training [Enrolled 1]
  • 2007 (Spring) | Energy 104 Tech In the Greenhouse [Enrolled 6]
  • 2007 (Spring) | EarthSys 297 Directed Individual Study [Enrolled 3]
  • 2007 (Spring) | Energy 802 TGR Dissertation [Enrolled 1]
  • 2007 (Spring) | Energy 363 Doc Res Pet Engr [Enrolled 1]
  • 2007 (Winter) | Energy 363 Doc Res Pet Engr [Enrolled 1]
  • 2007 (Winter) | Energy 225 Gas Injection [Enrolled 7]
  • 2006 (Fall) | ERE 363 ERE Research [Enrolled 2]
  • 2006 (Summer) | PetE 363 Petroleum Engineering Research [Enrolled 2]
  • 2006 (Spring) | PetE 363 Petroleum Engineering Research [Enrolled 2]
  • 2006 (Winter) | PetE 225 Gas Injection (with LaForce) [Enrolled 8]
  • 2006 (Spring) | PetE 110Q Technology in the Greenhouse [Enrolled 14]
  • 2006 (Winter) | PetE 360-363 Petroleum Engineering Research [Enrolled 2]
  • 2005 (Winter) | PetE 225 Gas Injection (with LaForce) [Enrolled 8]
  • 2004 (Spring) | PetE 110Q Technology in the Greenhouse [Enrolled 11]
  • 2004 | PetE 225 Gas Injection (with Jessen) [Enrolled 5]
  • 2003 | PetE 225 Gas Injection (with Jessen) [Enrolled 6]
  • 2003 | PetE 110Q Technology in the Greenhouse [Enrolled 4]
  • 2003 | PetE 360-63 Petroleum Engineering Research [Enrolled 7]
  • 2003 | PetE 361 Mstrs Res Pet Engr [Enrolled 2]
  • 2002 | PetE 361 Mstrs Res Pet Engr [Enrolled 4]
  • 2002 | PetE 802 TGR Dissertation [Enrolled 4]
  • 2002 | PetE 360 Adv Petro Engr [Enrolled 2]
  • 2002 | PetE 225 Gas Injection [Enrolled 11]
  • 2001 | PetE 110Q Soap Bubbles, Raindrops, and Inkjets [Enrolled 8]
  • 2001 | PetE 360-363 Petroleum Engineering Research [Enrolled 7]
  • 2000 | PetE 360-65 Petroleum Engineering Research [Enrolled 7]
  • 2000 | PetE 225 Gas Injection [Enrolled 12]
  • 2000 | PetE 360-65 Petroleum Engineering Research [Enrolled 2]
  • 1999 | PetE 360-65 Petroleum Engineering Research [Enrolled 6]
  • 1999 | PetE 110Q Soap Bubbles, Raindrops & Inkjets [Enrolled 3]
  • 1998 | PetE 802 Ph.D. TGR Dissertation [Enrolled 1]
  • 1998 | PetE 360-65 Petroleum Engineering Research [Enrolled 7]
  • 1998 | PetE 225 Miscible Flooding [Enrolled 15]

Publications

  • 2013*  | Harvey, H., Orr, F.M., Jr., and Vondrich, C.:  “A Trillion Tons,” Daedalus 142(1) (2013) 1-18.
  • 2011*  | Ide, T.S., Crook, N., and Orr, F.M., Jr.:  “Magnetometer Measurements to Characterize a Subsurface Coal Fire,” Int. J. Coal Geology, 87 (2011) 190-196.
  • 2011* | Krevor, S.C.M., Ide, T., Benson, S.M., and Orr, F.M., Jr.:  “Real-Time Tracking of CO2 Injected into a Subsurface Coal Fire through High-Frequency Measurements of the 13CO2 Signature,”  Environ. Sci. Technol., 45(9)  (2011), 4179–4186.
  • 2011* | Ide, S.T. and Orr, F.M., Jr.:  “Comparison of methods to estimate the rate of CO2 emissions and coal consumption from a coal fire near Durango, CO,” Int. J. Coal Geology,”  86 (2011) 95–107.
  • 2010* | Ide, T.S., Pollard, D., and Orr, F.M., Jr.: “Fissure formation and subsurface subsidence in a coalbed fire,” Int. J. Rock Mech. 47 (2010) 81-93, doi:10.1016/j.ijrmms.2009.05.007.
  • 2010* | Laforce, T., Cinar, Y., Johns, R.T., and Orr, F.M., Jr.: "Experimental Confirmation of Analytical Composition Routes in Three-Phase Partially Miscible Flow," Soc. Pet. Eng. J., 15(1), 160-170, March, 2010.
  • 2009* | Orr, F.M., Jr.: “Onshore Geologic Storage of CO2” Science 325 (2009) 1656-1658, DOI: 10.1126/science.1175677.
  • 2009* | Orr, F.M., Jr.: “Carbon Capture and Storage: Are We Ready?” Energy & Environmental Science 2 (2009) 449-458, DOI: 10.1039/B822107N.
  • 2009* | LaForce, T. and Orr, F.M., Jr.: “Four-Component Gas/Water/Oil Displacements in One Dimension: Part III, Development of Miscibility,” Transport in Porous Media, 79(2), Sept. 2009, DOI: 10.1007/s11242-008-9311-z.
  • 2009* | Seto, C.J. and Orr, F.M., Jr.: “Analytical Solutions for Multicomponent, Two-Phase Flow in Porous Media with Double Contact Discontinuities,” in press, Transport in Porous Media, 78(2)June, 2009, DOI 10.1007/s11242-008-9292-y.
  • 2009* | Seto, C.J., Jessen, K., and Orr, F.M., Jr.: “A Multicomponent, Two-Phase Flow Model for CO2 Storage and Enhanced Coal Bed Methane Recovery,” SPE 102376, Soc. Pet. Eng. J. 14 No. 1 (2009) 30-40, DOI: 10.2118/102376-PA.
  • 2008* | Hesse, M.A., Orr, F.M., Jr., and Tchelepi: “Gravity Currents with Residual Trapping,” J. Fluid Mech. 611 (2008) 35-60, doi:10.1017/S002211200800219X.
  • 2008* | Benson, S.M. and Orr, F.M., Jr.: "Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage," Materials Research Society Bulletin 33 (April, 2008) 303-305.
  • 2008* | Benson, S.M and Orr, F.M., Jr.: “Sustainability and Energy Conversion,” Materials Research Society Bulletin 33 (April, 2008) 297-302.
  • 2008* | Jessen, K. and Orr, F.M.,Jr.: “On IFT Measurements to Estimate Minimum Miscibility Pressures,” SPE 110725, Soc. Pet. Eng. Res. Eval. & Eng. 11(5), 933-939, October, 2008, DOI: 10.2118/110725-PA
  • 2008* | LaForce, T.C., Jessen, K., and Orr, F.M., Jr.: "Analytical Solutions for Four-Component Gas/Water/Oil Displacements: Part II, Example Solutions," Transport in Porous Media 72 No. 1 (2008) 83-96 doi:10.1007/s11242-007-9137-0.
  • 2008* | LaForce, T.C., Jessen, K., and Orr, F.M., Jr.: "Analytical Solutions for Four-Component Gas/Water/Oil Displacements: Part I, Structure of the Conservation Law," Transport in Porous Media 71 No. 2 (2008) 199-216 doi: 10.1007/s11242-007-9120-9.
  • 2007* | Orr, F.M., Jr. and Jessen, K.: "Response to 'Comments on "An analysis of the vanishing interfacial tension experiment for determination of minimum miscibility pressure,"'" Fluid Phase Equilibria 259 (2007) 238, doi:10.1016/j.fluid.2007.07.006.
  • 2007* | DiCarlo, D.A., Jessen, K., and Orr, F.M., Jr.: "Compositional gravity drainage 2. Experimental measurements using an analog system," Transport in Porous Media 69 (2) 169-174, 2007, DOI: 10.1007/s11242-006-9054-7.
  • 2007* | DiCarlo, D.A. and Orr, F.M., Jr.: "Compositional gravity drainage 1. Equilibrium solutions and controlling Bond numbers for a two-phase, three-component system," Transport in Porous Media 69 (1) 13-32, 2007, DOI: 10.1007/s11242-006-9053-8.
  • 2007* | Orr, F.M., Jr. and Jessen, K.: "An Analysis of the Vanishing Interfacial Tension Technique for Determining Minimum Miscibility Pressure," Fluid Phase Equilibria 255 (2007) 99-109, doi:10.1016/j.fluid.2007.04.002.
  • 2007 | Orr, F.M., Jr.: Theory of Gas Injection Processes, Tie-Line Publications, Copenhagen, Denmark, 2007.
  • 2007* | Orr, F.M., Jr. and Jessen, K.: "Comments on 'A new mechanistic parachor model to predict dynamic interfacial tension and miscibility in multicomponent hydrocarbon systems'" by S. Ayirala and D.N. Rao, J. Colloid and Interface Sci. 306 (2007) 1-2.
  • 2007* | Hesse, M.A., Tchelepi, H.A., Cantwell, B.J., and Orr, F.M., Jr.: "Transition in the propagation regime of a gravity current in a horizontal porous layer," J. Fluid Mech. v. 577' 363-383, published online, April 19, 2007, doi: 10.1017/S0022112007004685.
  • 2007* | Ide, S.T., Jessen, K., and Orr, F.M., Jr.: "Storage of CO2 in saline aquifers: effects of gravity, viscous, and capillary forces on amount and timing of trapping," J. Greenhouse Gas Control 1(2007) 481-491.
  • 2007* | Cinar, Y., Marquez, S., and Orr, F.M., Jr.: "Effect of IFT Variation and Wettability on Three-Phase Relative Permeability," SPE Reservoir Evaluation and Engineering (June, 2007) 211-220.
  • 2007* | Seto, C.J., Jessen, K., and Orr, F.M., Jr.: “Using Analytical Solutions in Compositional Streamline Simulation of a Field-Scale CO2-Injection Project in a Condensate Reservoir,” SPE Reservoir Evaluation and Engineering 10(4), 2007, 393-405, doi:10.2118/7
  • 2006 | Orr, F.M., Jr. and Jessen, K.: "Phase Diagrams," Chapter 8 in Petroleum Engineering Handbook, vol. 1, J.R. Fanchi, ed., Society of Petroleum Engineers, Richardson, TX, pp. 371-396, 2006.
  • 2006 | Hesse, M., Tchelepi, H., and Orr, F.M., Jr.: "Scaling Analysis of the Migration of CO2 in Saline Aquifers," SPE 102796, Proc. SPE Annual Technical Conference, San Antonio, September 24-27, 2006.
  • 2006 | Seto, C.J., Jessen, K., and Orr, F.M., Jr.: "Analytical modeling of CO2 storage and enhanced coal bed methane recovery," Proc. 8th Intl. Conf. on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies, Trondheim, Norway, June 19-22, 2006.
  • 2006 | Hesse, M.A., Tchelepi, H.A., and Orr, F.M., Jr.: "Natural convection during aquifer CO2 storage," Proc. 8th Intl. Conf. on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies, Trondheim, Norway, June 19-22, 2006.
  • 2006* | Juanes, R., E. J. Spiteri, F. M. Orr, Jr., and M. J. Blunt (2006), "Impact of relative permeability hysteresis on geological CO2 storage", Water Resour. Res., 42, W12418, doi:10.1029/2005WR004806
  • 2006* | Riaz, A., Hesse, M., Tchelepi, H. and Orr, F.M., Jr.: "Onset of Convection in a Gravitationally Unstable, Diffusive Boundary Layer in Porous Media," J. Fluid Mech. 548 (2006) 87-111.
  • 2005 | Spiteri, E.J., Juanes, R., Blunt, M.R., and Orr, F.M.,Jr: "Relative Permeability Hysteresis: Trapping Models and Application to Geological CO2 Sequestration," SPE 96448, SPE Annual Technical Conference, 2005.
  • 2005* | Cinar, Y. and Orr, F.M., Jr.: "Measurement of Three-Phase Relative Permeability with IFT Variation," SPE 89419, SPE Reservoir Engineering and Evaluation, February 2005, 33-43.
  • 2005* | Wang, Y., Dindoruk, B., Johansen, T., and Orr, F.M., Jr.: "Four-Component Gas/Oil Displacements in One Dimension: Part II - Analytical Solutions for Constant Equilibrium Ratios," Transport in Porous Media 61 (2005) 177-192.
  • 2005* | Johansen, T., Wang, Y., Orr, F.M., Jr., and Dindoruk, B.: "Four-Component Gas/Oil Displacements in One Dimension: Part I - Global Triangular Structure," Transport in Porous Media 61 (2005) 59-76.
  • 2005* | Jessen, K., Kovscek, A.R., and Orr, F.M., Jr.: "Increasing CO2 Storage in Oil Recovery," Energy Conversion and Management 46 (2005) 293-311.
  • 2005* | Mallison, B., Gerritsen, M., Jessen, K., and Orr, F.M., Jr.: "High Order Upwind Schemes for Two-phase Multicomponent Flow," SPE 79691, SPE Reservoir Evaluation and Engineering 10 No. 3 (2005) 297-311.
  • 2004* | Cinar, Y., Jessen, K., Berenblyum, R., and Orr, F., M., Jr.: "An Experimental and Numerical Investigation of Crossflow Effects in Two-Phase Displacements," SPE 90568, SPE Journal 11 (2) (June, 2004) 216-226.
  • 2004* | Orr, F.M., Jr.: "Storage of Carbon Dioxide in Geologic Formations," J. Pet. Tech. (Sept. 2004) 90-97.
  • 2004 | Jessen, K. and Orr, F.M., Jr.: "Gravity Segregation and Compositional Streamline Simulation," SPE 89448, SPE/DOE Fourteenth Symposium on Improved Oil Recovery, Tulsa, April 17-21, 2004.
  • 2004* | Jessen, K. and Orr, F. M., Jr.: "Gas Cycling and the Development of Miscibility in Condensate Reservoirs," SPE 84070, SPE Reservoir Evaluation and Engineering (October, 2004) 334-341.
  • 2004* | Jessen, K., Stenby, E.H. and Orr, F.M., Jr.: "Interplay of Phase Behavior and Numerical Dispersion in Finite Difference Compositional Simulation of Gas Injection Processes", SPE75134, Soc. Pet. Eng. J. 9(2), (2004) 193-201.
  • 2003 | Berenblyum, R.A., Shapiro, A.A., Jessen, K., Stenby, E.H., and Orr, F.M., Jr.: "Black Oil Streamline Simulator with Capillary Effects," SPE 84037, SPE Annual Technical Conference, Denver, Oct. 5-8, 2003.
  • 2003* | Zhu, J. Jessen, K., Kovscek, A.R. and Orr, F.M., Jr: "Recovery of Coalbed Methane by Gas Injection," SPE 75255, Soc. Pet. Eng. J., Dec. 2003, 371-379.
  • 2002 | Jessen, K. and Orr, F.M., Jr.: "Compositional Streamline Simulation," SPE 77379, Proc. 2002 SPE Annual Technical Conference, San Antonio, Sept. 29-Oct. 2.
  • 2001* | Wawersik, W.G., Rudnicki, J.W., Dove, P., Harris, J., Logan, J.M., Pyrak-Nolte, L., Orr, F.M., Jr., Ortoleva, P. J., Richter, F., Warpinski, N.R., Wilson, J.L., Wong, T.: "Terrestrial sequestration of CO2: An assessment of research needs," Advances in G
  • 2001* | Jessen, K., Wang, Y., Ermakov, P., Zhu, J., and Orr, F.M., Jr.,"Fast Approximate Solutions for 1D Multicomponent Gas Injection Problems,"Soc. Pet. Eng. J., Dec. 2001.
  • 2001 | Brewer, P.G., Peltzer, E.T., and Orr, F.M., Jr., "Direct Experiments on the Ocean Disposal of CO2," SPE 71454Proc. 2001 Annual Technical Conference, New Orleans, Sept. 30-Oct. 3.
  • 2000 | Brewer, P.G. and Orr, F.M., Jr.: "CO2: the burning issue," Chemistry & Industry, No. 17, (2000) 567-571.
  • 2000* | Wang, Y. and Orr, F.M., Jr.: "Calculation of Minimum Miscibility Pressure," J Petroleum Science and Engineering,"" 27, (2000) 151-164.
  • 1999* | Brewer, P.G., Friederich, G., Peltzer, E.T. and Orr, F.M., Jr. "Direct experiments on the ocean disposal of fossil fuel CO2", Science 284, pp. 943-945.
  • 1999 | Brewer, P.G., Friederich, G., Peltzer, E.T. and Orr, F.M., Jr. "Experimental tests of the ocean sequestration of fossil fuel CO2," Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium CO2 in the Oceans, Tsukuba, Japan, January 1999, pp. 425-428.
  • 1999 | Antonellini, M., Aydin, A., Orr, F.M., Jr. "Outcrop-Aided characterization of a faulted hydrocarbon reservoir Arroyo Grande Oil Field," California, USA, in faults and subsurface fluid flow in the shallow Crust, W.C. Haneberg, P.S. Mozley, J.C. Moore, and
  • Submitted | LaForce, T., Jessen, K., and Orr, F.M., Jr.: "Analytical Solutions for Three-Phase, Four-Component Partially Miscible Flow," SPE 102777, SPE Annual Technical Conference, San Antonio, September 24-27, 2006.

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