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SCCS Fall Seminar - David Cameron

Event Date / Time
Date: 
Thu, 10/24/2013 - 4:15pm - 5:05pm
Speaker Information
Speaker Name: 
David Cameron
Speaker Institute: 
Stanford University
Location Information
Location Name: 
Green Earth Sciences Room 365
Contact Information
Contact Name: 
Anshul Agarwal
Contact Email: 
anshula@stanford.edu
Description: 

 

Data assimilation to detect leaks in carbon storage aquifers

Abstract: We investigate the role of pressure data in the detection of leaks in carbon storage aquifers. The amount of leakage through the cap rock is determined by simulating injection in a three-region model, includes a storage aquifer, seal and overlying aquifer. The effect of varying the leakage position, leakage permeability and aquifer geology is analyzed by simulating thousands of different leakage cases. A data assimilation method is applied to determine leakage locations and permeabilities for a number of these cases, with pressures at sensor wells and injection wells providing the measured data. Particle Swarm Optimization is used for the minimizations associated with the data assimilation problem. A data-rich scenario with nine sensor wells (completed in the overlying aquifer and storage formation) and a data-scarce  scenario with four sensor wells (completed only in the overlying aquifer) are considered. Results indicate that the history matching procedure effectively locates leakage positions in cases with a single leak, for both the data-rich and data-scarce scenarios. For cases with multiple leaks, however, the procedure is less reliable, though the data-rich scenario is shown to provide better matches than the data-scarce scenario.