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Chapter 1
Chapter 2
Chapter 3
Chapter 4
Chapter 5
Chapter 6
Chapter 7
Chapter 8
Chapter 9
Chapter 10
Chapter 11
Chapter 12

Chapter 2: Structural Mapping Techniques and Tools

Chapter Figures
Chapter Scripts
  Chapter Exercises

In Chapter 2 we ‘find our bearings’ in order to locate outcrops in the field and construct maps of geological structures. Geographic coordinates are used by the Global Positioning System (GPS) for location (see above) and the Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM) projection is used to project geographic information from Earth's curved surface onto a piece of paper. We describe a modern mapping campaign that utilized GPS technology to create a precise structure contour map in a region where four sets of faults intersect to disrupt and fold the surrounding strata. The mapping was accomplished in a fraction of the time and with much greater control than previously possible. We anticipate a new generation of structural maps that will provide the impetus for more specific modeling of tectonic processes and the data to better constrain those models.