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Departments & Programs



Foundations & Breadth:

BIO 41 and BIO 43 or 43H
CHEM 31A & 31B or 31X and CHEM 33
GES 1C or GES 4 or EARTHSYS 117
MATH 19, 20, 21 or 41, 42
MATH 51 or CME 100
Statistics: BIO 174H or ECON 102A or STATS 110 or 116 or 141
EARTHSYS 210A, B, or C (Senior Seminar)
EARTHSYS 260 (Internship)
WIM: EARTHSYS 195, EARTHSYS 200, or another designated WIM course in a related department- must be approved by an advisor. Your WIM course may not also count towards your track or electives, if counted as a WIM.
(These courses must be taken for a letter grade: EARTHSYS 10, 111, 112, 210 A/B/C, 195/200)


Choose two courses from Ecology and Conservation Biology, and one course from each of the remaining sub-categories below; total six required. Six track courses and two electives (eight total) are required for the Biosphere track. All track courses and electives must be taken for a letter grade.  

Ecology and Conservation Biology:

BIO 101: Ecology
BIO 136: Evolutionary Paleobiology
BIO 144/HUMBIO 112: Conservation Biology: A Latin American Perspective
BIO 164: Biosphere-Atmosphere Interactions
EARTHSYS 116: Ecology of the Hawaiian Islands
GES 123: Paleobiology
OSPAUSTL 10: Coral Reef Ecosystems
OSPAUSTL 25: Freshwater Systems
OSPAUSTL 30: Coastal Forest Ecosystems
BIOHOPK 172H: Marine Ecology
BIOHOPK 177H: Dynamics and Management of Marine Populations
BIOHOPK 185H: Ecology & Conservation of Kelp Forest Communities (10-12 units, summer)
BIOHOPK 189H: Sustainability and Marine Ecosystems


BIO 216: Terrestrial Biogeochemistry (advanced; prior experience required)
CEE 177: Aquatic Chemistry and Biology (advanced)
EARTHSYS 134: Stable Isotopes in Biogeochemistry
EARTHSYS 151: Biological Oceanography
EARTHSYS 152: Marine Chemistry
EARTHSYS 155: Science of Soil
EARTHSYS 158: Geomicrobiology (advanced)

Ecosystems and Society

ANTHRO 118: Heritage, Environment, and Sovereignty in Hawaii
ANTHRO 147: Nature, Culture, Heritage
ANTHRO 161: Human Behavioral Ecology
ANTHRO 162: Indigenous Peoples and Environmental Problems
ANTHRO 165: Parks and Peoples: The Benefits and Costs of Protected Area Conservation
ANTHRO 166: Political Ecology of Tropical Land Use
ANTHRO 177: Environmental Change and Emerging Infectious Disease
ANTHRO 178: Evolution and Conservation in Galapagos
ANTHRO 183: Ecology, Evolution, and Human Health
HISTORY 169: Environmental Crises and Historical Change

TWO additional courses at the 100-level or above are required. Electives allow students to personalize their Earth Systems curriculum by pursuing higher-level courses offered in their focus area, or by incorporating new academic perspectives. Each must be a minimum of 3 units.

Track Updated 8/2014