EESS Spring Seminar Series - Eric Lambin, Professor, EESS, Senior Fellow, Woods Institute for the Environment, Stanford University
EESS Spring Seminar Series - Eric Lambin, Professor, EESS, Senior Fellow, Woods Institute for the Environment, Stanford, "Globalization is increasingly driving land use changes", Abstract: A central challenge for sustainability is how to preserve forest ecosystems and the services that they provide us while enhancing food production. This challenge for developing countries confronts the force of economic globalization, which seeks cropland that is shrinking in availability and triggers deforestation. Land use changes are increasingly associated with commodities produced for global markets. In parallel, the final consumers of agricultural and wood commodities and the corporations involved in their retailing show a growing concern for sustainability. In this talk, I examine three claims based on recent evidence: (i) Land with a good agro-ecological potential becomes a scarce resource globally; (ii) Economic globalization leads to an acceleration of land conversion; (iii) Globalization allows for new forms of market-based governance that effectively promote sustainable land use.