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Eric M. Dunham

Profile Photo: 
Education: 
  • 2005 | Ph.D. Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara
  • 2000 | B.S. Physics with Highest Distinction, University of Virginia
Professional Experience: 
  • 2011 - Present | Affiliated Faculty Member, Institute for Computational and Mathematical Engineering, Stanford University
  • 2009 - Present | Assistant Professor, Department of Geophysics, Stanford University
  • 2008 | Lecturer on Applied Mathematics, School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Harvard University
  • 2007 - 2009 | Research Associate in Geophysics, Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Harvard University
  • 2005 - 2007 | Reginald A. Daly Postdoctoral Fellow, Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Harvard University
Honors & Awards: 
  • 2013 - 2017 | NSF CAREER award on Subduction Zone Hazards: Megathrust Rupture Dynamics and Tsunamis
  • 2012 | Alfred P. Sloan Foundation Fellow, Physics
  • 2011 | Best Poster Award, Society of Industrial and Applied Mathematics (SIAM) Geosciences
  • 2009 - 2012 | Terman Fellow
  • 2008 | Certificate of Distinction in Teaching, Harvard University
  • 2007 | Editors' Citation for Excellence in Refereeing for Geophysical Research Letters
  • 2004 | Outstanding Student Paper, American Geophysical Union
  • 2004 | UCSB Affiliates Graduate Dissertation Fellowship
  • 2004 | Student Presentation Award, Seismological Society of America
  • 2002 | Outstanding Student Paper, American Geophysical Union
  • 2001 | John Cardy Award, UCSB Physics
  • 2001 - 2005 | National Defense Science and Engineering Graduate Fellowship
  • 2000 | James W. Elkins Award, UVA Physics
  • 2000 | Parsons Fellowship in computational science, UCSB Physics
  • 1999 | Phi Beta Kappa
  • 1996 - 2000 | Jefferson Scholar, UVA
University Service: 
  • 2013 | Invited speaker at New Student Orientation, Engaging with Faculty
  • 2013 | Invited speaker for Stanford Admit Weekend, Academic Expo
  • 2012 - Present | Advisory Board, Computational Geosciences MS Program, Institute for Computational and Mathematical Engineering
  • 2012 | Invited speaker at New Student Orientation, Engaging with Faculty
  • 2011 - Present | Stanford School of Earth Sciences Council
  • 2011 | Invited speaker at New Student Orientation, Engaging with Faculty
  • 2011 - 2012 | Geophysics Department Seminar Series Organizer
  • 2010 - Present | Undergraduate Premajor Advisor
  • 2009 - 2010 | Geophysics Undergraduate Curriculum Committee
Professional Activities: 
  • 2013 | Co-organizer for Seismological Society of America annual meeting special session on Earthquake Source Physics
  • 2012 - present | Co-leader of Southern California Earthquake Center (SCEC) Computational Science disciplinary group, member of Planning Committee
  • 2012 | Invited speaker, American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting
  • 2012 | Chair of National Academy of Sciences, 15th Chinese-American Kavli Frontiers of Science Symposium, Earthquake Mechanics and Forecasting
  • 2012 | Co-organizer for Seismological Society of America annual meeting special session on Seismicity in Volcanic Environments
  • 2012 | Invited speaker, International Conference on a New Perspective on Great Earthquakes Along Subduction Zones
  • 2011 | Invited speaker, American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting
  • 2007 - present | Co-organizer for Southern California Earthquake Center earthquake rupture code validation project
  • 2011 | Co-organizer for Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics (SIAM) Geosciences Minisymposium on Computational Challenges in Earthquake Simulation
  • 2011 | Invited speaker, University of California, Santa Cruz
  • 2010 | Delegate for U.S.-Japan Natural Resources (UJNR) Panel on Earthquake Research
  • 2010 | Invited speaker, University of California, Berkeley, Seismological Laboratory
  • 2010 | Invited speaker, University of Oregon
  • 2010 | Invited speaker, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
  • 2010 | USGS-NEHRP (National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program) External Program review panel
  • 2010 | Co-convener for International Workshop on Multiscale and Multiphysics Processes in Geomechanics
  • 2010 | Invited speaker, University of California, Berkeley, Applied Mathematics
  • 2009 | Co-convener for Southern California Earthquake Center Workshop on Dynamic Weakening Mechanisms
  • 2005 - 2008 | Associate Editor, Journal of Geophysical Research-Solid Earth
Courses Taught: 
  • Spring 2012-2013 | Geophysics 198: Honors Program [Enrolled 1]
  • Spring 2012-2013 | Geophysics 287: Earthquake Seismology [Enrolled 11]
  • Winter 2012-2013 | Geophysics 385L: Earthquake Seismology, Deformation, and Stress [Enrolled 11]
  • Winter 2012-2013 | CME 108: Introduction to Scientific Computing [Enrolled 43]
  • Winter 2012-2013 | Geophysics 120/220: Ice, Water, Fire [Enrolled 12]
  • Winter 2012-2013 | Geophysics 198: Honors Program [Enrolled 1]
  • Winter 2012-2013 | Geophysics 385L: Earthquake Seismology, Deformation, and Stress [Enrolled 11]
  • Autumn 2012-2013 | Geophysics 198: Honors Program [Enrolled 1]
  • Autumn 2012-2013 | Geophysics 385D: Theoretical Geophysics [Enrolled 3]
  • Autumn 2012-2013 | Geophysics 385L: Earthquake Seismology, Deformation, and Stress [Enrolled 11]
  • Spring 2011-2012 | CME 108: Introduction to Scientific Computing [Enrolled 64]
  • Spring 2011-2012 | Geophysics 198: Honors Program [Enrolled 1]
  • Spring 2011-2012 | Geophysics 385L: Earthquake Seismology, Deformation, and Stress [Enrolled 9]
  • Winter 2011-2012 | Geophysics 120: Ice, Water, Fire [Enrolled 7]
  • Autumn 2011-2012 | Geophysics 385D: Earthquake Rupture Dynamics [Enrolled 9]
  • Spring 2010-2011 | Geophysics 287: Earthquake Seismology [Enrolled 10]
  • Winter 2010-2011 | Geophysics 120: Ice, Water, Fire [Enrolled 3]
  • Autumn 2010-2011 | Geophysics 385D: Theoretical Geophysics [Enrolled 1]
  • Spring 2009-2010 | Geophysics 185D/385D: Earthquake Strong Ground Motion [Enrolled 7]
Publications: 
  • 2013 * | Trugman, D. T., and E. M. Dunham (2013), A pseudo-dynamic rupture model generator for earthquakes on geometrically complex faults, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, submitted.
  • 2013 * | Johri, M., E. M. Dunham, M. D. Zoback, and Z. Fang (2013), Predicting fault damage zones by modeling dynamic rupture propagation and comparison with field observationsJournal of Geophysical Research, submitted.
  • 2013 * | Fang, Z. and E. M. Dunham (2013), Additional shear resistance from fault roughness and stress levels on geometrically complex faults, Journal of Geophysical Research, submitted.
  • 2013 * | Kozdon, J. E. and E. M. Dunham (2013), Rupture to the trench: Dynamic rupture simulations of the 11 March 2011 Tohoku earthquake, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 103(2B), 1275-1289doi:10.1785/0120120136.
  • 2013 * | Denolle, M., E. M. Dunham, G. A. Prieto, and G. C. Beroza (2013), Ground motion prediction of realistic earthquake sources using the ambient seismic field, Journal of Geophysical Research, 118, 1-17, doi:10.1029/2012JB009603.
  • 2013 * | Kozdon, J. E., E. M. Dunham, and J. Nordstrom (2013), Simulation of dynamic earthquake ruptures in complex geometries using high-order finite difference methods, Journal of Scientific Computing, 55(1), 92-124, doi:10.1007/s10915-012-9624-5.
  • 2012 * | Denolle, M., E. M. Dunham, and G. C. Beroza (2012) Solving the surface-wave eigenproblem with Chebyshev spectral collocation, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 102(3), 1214-1223, doi:10.1785/0120110183.
  • 2012 * | Vallee, M, and E. M. Dunham (2012), Observation of far-field Mach waves generated by the 2001 Kokoxili supershear earthquake,Geophysical Research Letters, 39, L05311, doi:10.1029/2011GL050725.
  • 2012 * | Dunham, E. M. and D. E. Ogden (2012) Guided waves along fluid-filled cracks in elastic solids and instability at high flow rates, Journal of Applied Mechanics, 79(3), 031020, doi:10.1115/1.4005961.
  • 2011 * | Dunham, E. M., D. Belanger, L. Cong, and J. E. Kozdon (2011), Earthquake ruptures with strongly rate-weakening friction and off-fault plasticity: 1. Planar faults, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 101(5), 2296-2307, doi:10.1785/0120100075.
  • 2011 * | Dunham, E. M., D. Belanger, L. Cong, and J. E. Kozdon (2011), Earthquake ruptures with strongly rate-weakening friction and off-fault plasticity: 2. Nonplanar faults, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 101(5), 2308-2322, doi:10.1785/0120100076.
  • 2011 * | Harris, R. A., M. Barall, D. J. Andrews, B. Duan, S. Ma, E. M. Dunham, A.-A. Gabriel, Y. Kaneko, Y. Kase, B. Aagaard, D. D. Oglesby, J.-P. Ampuero, T. C. Hanks, and N. Abrahamson (2011) Verifying a computational method for predicting extreme ground motion, Seismological Research Letters, 82(5), 638-644, doi:10.1785/gssrl.82.5.638.
  • 2011 * | Kozdon, J. E., E. M. Dunham, and J. Nordstrom (2011), Interaction of waves with frictional interfaces using summation-by-parts difference operators: Weak enforcement of nonlinear boundary conditions, Journal of Scientific Computing, doi:10.1007/s10915-011-845-3.
  • 2011 | Dunham, E. M., D. Belanger, L. Cong, and J. E. Kozdon, Earthquake ruptures on rough faults, in Multiscale and Multiphysics Processes in Geomechanics (results of workshop at Stanford Univ., June, 2010), Springer Series in Geomechanics and Geoengineering, edited by Ronaldo I. Borja, ISBN 978-3-642-19629-4, pp. 145-148.
  • 2010 * | Rice, J. R., E. M. Dunham, and H. Noda (2010), Thermo- and hydro-mechanical processes along faults during rapid slip, in Meso-Scale Shear Physics in Earthquake and Landslide Mechanics, edited by Y. Hatzor, J. Sulem, and I. Vardoulakis, CRC Press, 3-16.
  • 2010 * | Bizzarri, A., E. M. Dunham, and P. Spudich (2010), Coherence of Mach fronts during heterogeneous supershear earthquake rupture propagation: simulations and comparison with observations, Journal of Geophysical Research, 115, B08301, doi:10.1029/2009JB006819.
  • 2010 * | Hetland, E. A., M. Simons, and E. M. Dunham (2010), Postseismic and interseismic fault creep I: Model description, Geophysical Journal International, 181(1), 81-98, doi:10.1111/j.1365-246X.2010.04522.x.
  • 2009 * | Noda, H., E. M. Dunham, and J. R. Rice (2009), Earthquake ruptures with thermal weakening and the operation of major faults at low overall stress levels, Journal of Geophysical Research, 114, B07302, doi:10.1029/2008JB006143
  • 2009 * | Rojas, O., E. M. Dunham, S. M. Day, L. A. Dalguer, and J. E. Castillo (2009), Finite difference modeling of rupture propagation with strong velocity-weakening friction, Geophysical Journal International, 179(3), 1831-1858, doi:10.1111/j.1365-246X.2009.04387.x.
  • 2009 * | Harris, R. A., M. Barall, R. Archuleta, E. M. Dunham, B. Aagaard, J. P. Ampuero, H. Bhat, V. Cruz-Atienza, L. Dalguer, P. Dawson, S. Day, B. Duan, G. Ely, Y. Kaneko, Y. Kase, N. Lapusta, Y. Liu, S. Ma, D. Oglesby, K. Olsen, A. Pitarka, S. Song, and E. Templeton (2009), The SCEC/USGS dynamic earthquake-rupture code verification exercise, Seismological Research Letters, 80(1), 119-126, doi:10.1785/gssrl.80.1.119.
  • 2008 * | Dunham, E. M. and J. R. Rice (2008), Earthquake slip between dissimilar poroelastic materials, Journal of Geophysical Research, 113, B09304, doi:10.1029/2007JB005405.
  • 2008 * | Dunham, E. M. and H. S. Bhat (2008), Attenuation of radiated ground motion and stresses from three-dimensional supershear ruptures, Journal of Geophysical Research, 113, B08319, doi:10.1029/2007JB005182.
  • 2007 * | Dunham, E. M. (2007), Conditions governing the occurrence of supershear ruptures under slip-weakening friction, Journal of Geophysical Research, 112, B07302, doi:10.1029/2006JB004717.
  • 2005 * | Page, M. T., E. M. Dunham, and J. M. Carlson (2005), Distinguishing barriers and asperities in near-source ground motion, Journal of Geophysical Research, 110, B11302, doi:10.1029/2005JB00373.
  • 2005 * | Dunham, E. M. and R. J. Archuleta (2005), Near-source ground motion from steady state dynamic rupture pulses, Geophysical Research Letters, 32, L03302, doi:10.1029/2004GL021793.
  • 2005 * | Dunham, E. M. (2005), Dissipative interface waves and the transient response of a three dimensional sliding interface with Coulomb friction, Journal of Mechanics and Physics of Solids, 53(2), 327-357, doi:10.1016/j.jmps.2004.07.003.
  • 2004 * | Dunham, E. M. and R. J. Archuleta (2004), Evidence for a supershear transient during the 2002 Denali Fault earthquake, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 94(6B), S256-S268, doi:10.1785/0120040616.
  • 2003 * | Dunham, E. M., P. Favreau, and J. M. Carlson (2003), A supershear transition mechanism for cracks, Science, 299(5612), 1557-1559, doi:10.1126/science.1080650.
Advisees Receiving Degrees: 
  • 2013 | Daniel Trugman: A pseudo-dynamic rupture model generator for earthquakes on geometrically complex faults, B.S. Honors (Researcher, Los Alamos National Laboratory)
Research Activities: 

I study the mechanics and physics of earthquakes, volcanoes, and tsunamis. Our group has been developing numerical models of earthquake rupture propagation that incorporate sophisticated descriptions of the processes within and around the fault zone that are thought to control how fault strength evolves during rapid slip. The models include transport of heat and pore fluid within fault zones, microscopic weakening processes that have been observed in laboratory experiments, and inelastic deformation of the off-fault material. We are using these models to explore how earthquake ruptures excite seismic waves, with a particular focus on strong ground motion and seismic hazard. Recently, my group and I have been working to understand the origin of incoherent high frequency ground motion by directly modeling rupture propagation on fractally rough fault surfaces. We are also studying subduction zone megathrust earthquakes, like the March 2011 Tohoku-Oki event that was responsible for the devastating tsunami in Japan. In addition to the rupture process, we are studying the excitation of ocean acoustic waves and tsunamis in these events. These modeling efforts involve high-performance computing, using resources at the Stanford Center for Computational Earth and Environmental Science as well as the national XSEDE supercomputer centers. In addition to earthquakes, we study seismic waves from volcanic eruptions. We have developed a code that solves for the fully coupled flow of a compressible, viscous magma through cracks and conduits in deformable solids. We hope to learn about the dynamics of eruptions from seismic signals recorded at Earth's surface.

Teaching Activities: 

As part of our new geophysics undergraduate curriculum I teach a course (Geophysics 120: Ice, Water, Fire) in which we apply the principles of continuum mechanics to explain readily observed properties of tsunamis and ocean waves, volcanic eruptions, and ice sheets and glaciers. At the graduate level, I teach earthquake seismology (Geophysics 287: Earthquake Seismology) and have lead seminars on several topics including strong ground motion modeling for seismic hazard analysis, fluid dynamics of volcanic eruptions, and earthquake rupture dynamics. I am also an affiliated faculty member of Stanford's Institute for Computational and Mathematical Engineering (ICME) program. As part of that program, I teach an undergraduate scientific computing course (CME 108: Introduction to Scientific Computing).

Professional Activities: 

NSF CAREER award, 2013; Alfred P. Sloan Fellow in Physics, 2012; Co-leader of Computational Science disciplinary group and member of Planning Committee, Southern California Earthquake Center (SCEC), 2011-present; Co-organizer for Seismological Society of America annual meeting special session on Seismicity in Volcanic Environments, 2012; Co-organizer for SIAM Geosciences Minisymposium on Computational Challenges in Earthquake Simulation, 2011; Delegate for U.S.-Japan Natural Resources (UJNR) Panel on Earthquake Research, 2010; Co-convener for International Workshop on Multiscale and Multiphysics Processes in Geomechanics, 2010; USGS-NEHRP (National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program) External Program review panel, 2010; Co-organizer for Southern California Earthquake Center earthquake rupture code validation project, 2007-present; Co-convener for Southern California Earthquake Center Workshop on Dynamic Weakening Mechanisms, 2009; Associate Editor, Journal of Geophysical Research-Solid Earth, 2005-08; Certificate of Distinction in Teaching, Harvard University, 2008; Editors' Citation for Excellence in Refereeing for Geophysical Research Letters, 2007

Other Affiliations: 
ICME
First Name: 
Eric
Middle Name: 
M
Last Name: 
Dunham
Short Description: 

Mechanics and physics of earthquakes, seismic waves from volcanic eruptions, computational geophysics

Office Location: 
Mitchell Bldg 325
Mail Code: 
2215
Phone: 
(650) 725-6989
Fax: 
(650) 725-7344
SuNet ID: 
edunham
Stanford E-mail: 
edunham@stanford.edu