Professor and Chair of Energy Resources Engineering

Department of Energy Resources Engineering

Stanford University

Stanford, CA 94305-2220

USA

phone: 650-723-4142

fax: 650-725-2099

lou@stanford.edu

**Publications – Journal Articles**

- Durlofsky, L.J., Efendiev, Y., Ginting, V.: “An adaptive local-global multiscale finite volume element method for two-phase flow simulations,” to appear in
*Advances in Water Resources*. - Ahmadov, R., Aydin, A., Karimi-Fard, M., Durlofsky, L.J.: “Permeability upscaling of fault zones in the Aztec Sandstone, Valley of Fire State Park, Nevada, with a focus on slip surfaces and slip bands,” to appear in
*Hydrogeology Journal*. - Chen, Y., Mallison, B.T., Durlofsky, L.J.: “Nonlinear two-point flux approximation for modeling full-tensor effects in subsurface flow simulations,” in review.
- Sarma, P., Durlofsky, L.J., Aziz, K.: “Kernel principal component analysis for an efficient, differentiable parameterization of multipoint geostatistics,” in review.
- Sarma, P., Durlofsky, L.J., Aziz, K.: “Computational techniques for closed-loop reservoir modeling with application to a realistic reservoir,” in review.
- Wen, X.H., Chen, Y., Durlofsky, L.J.: “Efficient three-dimensional implementation of local-global upscaling for reservoir simulation,”
*SPE Journal*,**11**, 443-453 (Dec. 2006) (also SPE paper 92965). - Artus, V., Durlofsky, L.J., Onwunalu, J., Aziz, K.: “Optimization of nonconventional wells under uncertainty using statistical proxies,”
*Computational Geosciences*,**10**, 389-404 (2006). - He, C., Durlofsky, L.J.: “Structured flow-based gridding and upscaling for modeling subsurface flow,”
*Advances in Water Resources*,**29**, 1876-1892 (2006). - Karimi-Fard, M., Gong, B., Durlofsky, L.J.: “Generation of coarse-scale continuum flow models from detailed fracture characterizations,”
*Water Resources Research*,**42**, W10423, doi:10.1029/2006WR005015 (2006). - Lohne, A., Virnovsky, G., Durlofsky, L.J.: “Two-stage upscaling of two-phase flow: from core to simulation scale,”
*SPE Journal*,**11**, 304-316 (Sept. 2006) (also SPE paper 89422). - Mlacnik, M.J., Durlofsky, L.J., Heinemann, Z.E.: “Sequentially adapted flow-based PEBI grids for reservoir simulation,”
*SPE Journal*,**11**, 317-327 (Sept. 2006) (also SPE paper 90009). - Sternlof, K.R., Karimi-Fard, M., Pollard, D.D., Durlofsky, L.J.: “Flow effects of compaction bands in sandstone at scales relevant to aquifer and reservoir management,”
*Water Resources Research*,**42**, W07425, doi:10.1029/2005WR004664 (2006). - Chen, Y., Durlofsky, L.J.: “Efficient incorporation of global effects in upscaled models of two-phase flow and transport in heterogeneous formations,”
*SIAM**Multiscale Modeling and Simulation*,**5**, 445-475 (2006). - Sarma, P., Durlofsky, L.J., Aziz, K., Chen, W.H.: “Efficient real-time reservoir management using adjoint-based optimal control and model updating,”
*Computational Geosciences*,**10**, 3-36 (2006). - Mlacnik, M.J., Durlofsky, L.J.: “Unstructured grid optimization for improved monotonicity of discrete solutions of elliptic equations with highly anisotropic coefficients,”
*Journal of Computational Physics*,**216**, 337-361 (2006). - Chen, Y., Durlofsky, L.J.: “Adaptive local-global upscaling for general flow scenarios in heterogeneous formations,”
*Transport in Porous Media*,**62**, 157-185 (2006). - Sarma, P., Durlofsky, L.J., Aziz, K.: “Efficient closed-loop production optimization under uncertainty,”
*Journal of Petroleum Technology*,**57**, 51-52 (2005). - Prevost, M., Lepage, F., Durlofsky, L.J., Mallet, J.-L.: “Unstructured 3D gridding and upscaling for coarse modeling of geometrically complex reservoirs,”
*Petroleum Geoscience*,**11**, 339-345 (2005). - Hui, M., Durlofsky, L.J.: “Accurate coarse modeling of well-driven, high mobility ratio displacements in heterogeneous reservoirs,”
*Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering*,**49**, 37-56 (2005). - Aitokhuehi, I., Durlofsky, L.J.: “Optimizing the performance of smart wells in complex reservoirs using continuously updated geological models,”
*Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering*,**48**, 254-264 (2005). - Hui, M.H., Zhou, D., Wen, X.H., Durlofsky, L.J.: “Development and application of a new technique for upscaling miscible processes,”
*SPE Reservoir Evaluation & Engineering,***8**, 189-195 (June 2005) (also SPE paper 89435). - Shi, H., Holmes, J.A., Diaz, L.R., Durlofsky, L.J., Aziz, K.: “Drift-flux parameters for three-phase steady-state flow in wellbores,”
*SPE Journal*,**10**, 130-137 (June 2005) (also SPE paper 89836). - Shi, H., Holmes, J.A., Durlofsky, L.J., Aziz, K., Diaz, L.R., Alkaya, B., Oddie, G.: “Drift-flux modeling of two-phase flow in wellbores,”
*SPE Journal*,**10**, 24-33 (March 2005) (also SPE paper 84228). - Gerritsen, M.G., Durlofsky, L.J.: “Modeling fluid flow in oil reservoirs,”
*Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics*,**37**, 211-238 (2005). - Yeten, B., Brouwer, D.R., Durlofsky, L.J., Aziz, K.: “Decision analysis under uncertainty for smart well deployment,”
*Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering*,**43**, 183-199 (2004). - Sternlof, K.R., Chapin, J.R., Pollard, D.D., Durlofsky, L.J.: “Permeability effects of deformation band arrays in sandstone,”
*AAPG Bulletin*,**88**, 1315-1329 (2004). - Flodin, E.A., Durlofsky, L.J., Aydin, A.: “Upscaled models of flow and transport in faulted sandstone: boundary condition effects and explicit fracture modeling,”
*Petroleum Geoscience*,**10**, 173-181 (2004). - Efendiev, Y., Durlofsky, L.J.: “Accurate subgrid models for two-phase flow in heterogeneous reservoirs,”
*SPE Journal*,**9**, 219-226 (June 2004) (also SPE paper 79680). - Karimi-Fard, M., Durlofsky, L.J., Aziz, K.: “An efficient discrete fracture model applicable for general purpose reservoir simulators,”
*SPE Journal*,**9**, 227-236 (June 2004) (also SPE paper 79699). - Wen, X.H., Durlofsky, L.J., Edwards, M.G.: “Use of border regions for improved permeability upscaling,”
*Mathematical Geology*,**35**, 521-547 (2003). - Yeten, B., Durlofsky, L.J., Aziz, K.: “Optimization of nonconventional well type, location, and trajectory,”
*SPE Journal*,**8**, 200-210 (Sept. 2003) (also SPE paper 77565). - Wen, X.H., Durlofsky, L.J., Edwards, M.G.: “Upscaling of channel systems in two dimensions using flow-based grids,”
*Transport in Porous Media*,**51**, 343-366 (2003). - Wolfsteiner, C., Durlofsky, L.J., Aziz, K.: “Calculation of well index for nonconventional wells on arbitrary grids,”
*Computational Geosciences*,**7**, 61-82 (2003). - Oddie, G., Shi, H., Durlofsky, L.J., Aziz, K., Pfeffer, B., Holmes, J.A.: “Experimental study of two and three phase flows in large diameter inclined pipes,”
*International Journal of Multiphase Flow*,**29**, 527-558 (2003). - Valvatne, P.H., Serve, J., Durlofsky, L.J., Aziz, K.: “Efficient modeling of nonconventional wells with downhole inflow control devices,”
*Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering*,**39**, 99-116 (2003). - Efendiev, Y., Durlofsky, L.J.: “A generalized convection-diffusion model for subgrid transport in porous media,”
*SIAM**Multiscale Modeling and Simulation*,**1**, 504-526 (2003). - Chen, Y., Durlofsky, L.J., Gerritsen, M., Wen, X.H.: “A coupled local-global upscaling approach for simulating flow in highly heterogeneous formations,”
*Advances in Water Resources,***26**, 1041-1060 (2003). - Yeten, B., Durlofsky, L.J., Aziz, K.: “Optimization of intelligent well control,”
*World Oil,***224**, 35-40 (March 2003). - Efendiev, Y., Durlofsky, L.J.: “Numerical modeling of subgrid heterogeneity in two phase flow simulations,”
*Water Resources Research*,**38**(8), 1128 (2002). - Jourde, H., Flodin, E.A., Aydin, A., Durlofsky, L.J., Wen, X.H.: “Computing permeability of fault zones in eolian sandstone from outcrop measurements,”
*AAPG Bulletin*,**86**, 1187-1200 (July 2002). - Durlofsky, L.J.: “Upscaling of geological models for reservoir simulation: issues and approaches,”
*Computational Geosciences*,**6**, 1-4 (2002). - He, C., Edwards, M.G., Durlofsky, L.J.: “Numerical calculation of equivalent cell permeability tensors for general quadrilateral control volumes,”
*Computational Geosciences*,**6**, 29-47 (2002). - Jenny, P., Wolfsteiner, C., Lee, S.H., Durlofsky, L.J.: “Modeling flow in geometrically complex reservoirs using hexahedral multiblock grids,”
*SPE Journal*,**7**, 149-157 (June 2002) (also SPE paper 66357). - Wallstrom, T.C., Christie, M.A., Durlofsky, L.J., Sharp, D.H.: “Effective flux boundary conditions for upscaling porous media equations,”
*Transport in Porous Media*,**46**, 139-153 (2002). - Wallstrom, T.C., Hou, S., Christie, M.A., Durlofsky, L.J., Sharp, D.H., Zou, Q.: “Application of effective flux boundary conditions to two-phase upscaling in porous media,”
*Transport in Porous Media*,**46**, 155-178 (2002). - Darman, N.H., Durlofsky, L.J., Sorbie, K.S., Pickup, G.E.: “Upscaling immiscible gas displacements: quantitative use of fine-grid flow data in grid-coarsening schemes,”
*SPE Journal,***6**, 47-56 (March 2001) (also SPE paper 59452). - Durlofsky, L.J.: “An approximate model for well productivity in heterogeneous porous media,”
*Mathematical Geology,***32**, 421-438 (2000). - Mascarenhas, O., Durlofsky, L.J.: “Coarse scale simulation of horizontal wells in heterogeneous reservoirs,”
*Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering*,**25**, 135-147 (2000). - Wolfsteiner, C., Durlofsky, L.J., Aziz, K.: “Approximate model for productivity of non-conventional wells in heterogeneous reservoirs,”
*SPE Journal,***5**, 218-226 (June 2000) (also SPE paper 56754). - Durlofsky, L.J., Milliken, W.J., Bernath, A.: “Scaleup in the near-well region,”
*SPE Journal,***5**, 110-117 (March 2000) (also SPE paper 51940). - Efendiev, Y., Durlofsky, L.J., Lee, S.H.: “Modeling of subgrid effects in coarse scale simulations of transport in heterogeneous porous media,”
*Water Resources Research*,**36**, 2031-2041 (2000). - Tchelepi, H.A., Durlofsky, L.J., Chen, W.H., Bernath, A., Chien, M.C.H.: “Practical use of scale up and parallel reservoir simulation technologies in field studies,”
*SPE Reservoir Evaluation and Engineering*,**2**, 368-376 (Aug. 1999) (also SPE paper 38886). - Wallstrom, T.C., Hou, S., Christie, M.A., Durlofsky, L.J., Sharp, D.H.: “Accurate scale up of two phase flow using renormalization and nonuniform coarsening,”
*Computational Geosciences*,**3**, 69-87 (1999). - Lee, S.H., Durlofsky, L.J., Lough, M.F., Chen, W.H.: “Finite difference simulation of geologically complex reservoirs with tensor permeabilities,”
*SPE Reservoir Evaluation and Engineering*,**1**, 567-574 (Dec. 1998) (also SPE paper 38002). - Durlofsky, L.J.: “Coarse scale models of two phase flow in heterogeneous reservoirs: volume averaged equations and their relationship to existing upscaling techniques,”
*Computational Geosciences*,**2**, 73-92 (1998). - Durlofsky, L.J.: “Use of higher moments for the description of upscaled, process independent relative permeabilities,”
*SPE Journal,***2**, 474-484 (Dec. 1997) (also SPE paper 37987). - Durlofsky, L.J., Jones, R.C., Milliken, W.J.: “A nonuniform coarsening approach for the scale up of displacement processes in heterogeneous porous media,”
*Advances in Water Resources*,**20**, 335-347 (1997). - Durlofsky, L.J., Behrens, R.A., Jones, R.C., Bernath, A.: “Scale up of heterogeneous three dimensional reservoir descriptions,”
*SPE Journal*,**1**, 313-326 (Sept. 1996) (also SPE paper 30709). - Dehghani, K., Basham, W.M., Durlofsky, L.J., Tucker, K.E.: “Modeling and scale up of steamflood in a heterogeneous reservoir,”
*SPE Reservoir Engineering*,**10**, 237-245 (Nov. 1995) (also SPE paper 28587). - Durlofsky, L.J.: “Accuracy of mixed and control volume finite element approximations to Darcy velocity and related quantities,”
*Water Resources Research*,**30**, 965-973 (1994). - Chen, W.H., Durlofsky, L.J., Engquist, B., Osher, S.: “Minimization of grid orientation effects through use of higher order finite difference methods,”
*SPE Advanced Technology Series*,**1**, 43-52 (July 1993) (also SPE paper 22887). - Durlofsky, L.J.: “A triangle based mixed finite element - finite volume technique for modeling two phase flow through porous media,”
*Journal of Computational Physics*,**105**, 252-266 (1993). - Durlofsky, L.J.: “Modeling fluid flow through complex reservoir beds,”
*SPE Formation Evaluation*,**7**, 315-322 (Dec. 1992) (also SPE paper 21240). - Durlofsky, L.J.: “Representation of grid block permeability in coarse scale models of randomly heterogeneous porous media,”
*Water Resources Research*,**28**, 1791-1800 (1992). - Durlofsky, L.J., Engquist, B., Osher, S.: “Triangle based adaptive stencils for the solution of hyperbolic conservation laws,”
*Journal of Computational Physics*,**98**, 64-73 (1992). - Durlofsky, L.J.: “Numerical calculation of equivalent grid block permeability tensors for heterogeneous porous media,”
*Water Resources Research*,**27**, 699-708 (1991). - Durlofsky, L.J., Brady, J.F.: “Dynamic simulation of bounded suspensions of hydrodynamically interacting particles
*,*”*Journal of Fluid Mechanics*,**200**, 39-67 (1989). - Brady, J.F., Durlofsky, L.J.: “The sedimentation rate of disordered suspensions,”
*Physics of Fluids*,**31**, 717-727 (1988). - Durlofsky, L.J., Brady, J.F.: “Analysis of the Brinkman equation as a model for flow in porous media,”
*Physics of Fluids*,**30**, 3329-3341 (1987). - Durlofsky, L.J., Brady, J.F., Bossis, G.: “Dynamic simulation of hydrodynamically interacting particles,”
*Journal of Fluid Mechanics*,**180**, 21-49 (1987). - Brady, J.F., Durlofsky, L.J.: “On rotating disk flow,”
*Journal of Fluid Mechanics*,**175**, 363-394 (1987). - Durlofsky, L.J., Brady, J.F.: “The spatial stability of a class of similarity solutions,”
*Physics of Fluids*,**27**, 1068-1076 (1984). - Tarbell, J.M., Ultman, J.S., Durlofsky, L.J.: “Oscillatory convective dispersion in a branching tube network,”
*Transactions of the ASME - Journal of Biomechanical Engineering*,**104**, 338-342 (1982).

**Conference Proceedings Papers**

- Krogstad, S., Durlofsky, L.J.: “Multiscale mixed finite element modeling of coupled wellbore/near-well flow,” SPE paper 106179, presented at the SPE Reservoir Simulation Symposium, Houston, Feb. 26-28 (2007).
- Chen, Y., Durlofsky, L.J.: “An ensemble level upscaling approach for efficient estimation of fine-scale production statistics using coarse-scale simulations,” SPE paper 106086, presented at the SPE Reservoir Simulation Symposium, Houston, Feb. 26-28 (2007).
- Sarma, P., Durlofsky, L.J., Aziz, K., Chen, W.H.: “A new approach to automatic history matching using kernel PCA,” SPE paper 106176, presented at the SPE Reservoir Simulation Symposium, Houston, Feb. 26-28 (2007).
- Gong, B., Karimi-Fard, M., Durlofsky, L.J.: “An upscaling procedure for constructing generalized dual-porosity/dual-permeability models from discrete fracture characteri-zations,” SPE paper 102491, presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, San Antonio, Sept. 24–27 (2006).
- Castro, S., Caers, J., Durlofsky, L.J.: “Improved modeling of 4D seismic response using flow-based downscaling of coarse grid saturations,” Proceedings of the 10th European Conference on the Mathematics of Oil Recovery, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, Sept. 4–7 (2006).
- Mallison, B.T., Chen, Y., Durlofsky, L.J.: “Nonlinear two-point flux approximations for simulating subsurface flows with full-tensor anisotropy,” Proceedings of the 10th European Conference on the Mathematics of Oil Recovery, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, Sept. 4–7 (2006).
- Mlacnik, M.J., Durlofsky, L.J.: “Grid optimization for improved monotonicity of MPFA solutions on unstructured grids,” Proceedings of the 10th European Conference on the Mathematics of Oil Recovery, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, Sept. 4–7 (2006).
- Sarma, P., Durlofsky, L.J., Aziz, K.: “Computational techniques for closed-loop reservoir modeling with application to a realistic reservoir,” Proceedings of the 10th European Conference on the Mathematics of Oil Recovery, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, Sept. 4–7 (2006).
- Sarma, P., Chen, W.H., Durlofsky, L.J., Aziz, K.: “Production optimization with adjoint models under nonlinear control-state path inequality constraints,” SPE paper 99959, presented at the SPE Intelligent Energy Conference and Exhibition, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, April 11–13 (2006).
- Durlofsky, L.J.: “Upscaling and gridding of fine scale geological models for flow simulation,” Proceedings of the 8th International Forum on Reservoir Simulation, Stresa, Italy, June 20 – 25 (2005).
- Sarma, P., Durlofsky, L.J., Aziz, K.: “Efficient closed-loop production optimization under uncertainty,” SPE paper 94241, presented at the 14th Europec Biennial Conference, Madrid, Spain, June 13 – 16 (2005).
- Hui, M., Durlofsky, L.J., Wen, X.H.: “Application of a new upscaling technique to a miscible gas injection field study,” Proceedings of the 13th EAGE Symposium on Improved Oil Recovery, Budapest, Hungary, April 25 – 27 (2005).
- Sarma, P., Aziz, K., Durlofsky, L.J.: “Implementation of adjoint solution for optimal control of smart wells,” SPE paper 92864, presented at the SPE Reservoir Simulation Symposium, Houston, Jan. 31 – Feb. 2 (2005).
- Lødøen, O.P., Omre, H., Durlofsky, L.J., Chen, Y.: “Assessment of uncertainty in reservoir production forecasts using upscaled flow models,” presented at the Seventh International Geostatistics Congress, Banff, Canada, Sept. 26 – Oct. 1 (2004).
- Chen, Y., Durlofsky, L.J., Wen, X.H.: “Robust coarse scale modeling of flow and transport in heterogeneous reservoirs,” Proceedings of the 9th European Conference on the Mathematics of Oil Recovery, Cannes, France, Aug. 30 - Sept. 2 (2004).
- Prevost, M., Lepage, F., Durlofsky, L.J., Mallet, J.-L.: “Unstructured 3D gridding and upscaling for coarse modeling of geometrically complex reservoirs,” Proceedings of the 9th European Conference on the Mathematics of Oil Recovery, Cannes, France, Aug. 30 - Sept. 2 (2004).
- Aitokhuehi, I., Durlofsky, L.J., Artus, V., Yeten, B., Aziz, K.: “Optimization of advanced well type and performance,” Proceedings of the 9th European Conference on the Mathematics of Oil Recovery, Cannes, France, Aug. 30 - Sept. 2 (2004).
- Durlofsky, L.J.: “Upscaling of geocellular models for reservoir flow simulation: a review of recent progress,” Proceedings of the 7th International Forum on Reservoir Simulation, Bühl/Baden-Baden, Germany, June 23-27 (2003).
- Lee, S.H., Wolfsteiner, C., Durlofsky, L.J., Jenny, P., Tchelepi, H.A.: “New developments in multiblock reservoir simulation: black oil modeling, nonmatching subdomains and near-well upscaling,” SPE paper 79682, presented at the SPE Reservoir Simulation Symposium, Houston, Feb. 3-5 (2003).
- Wan, J., Durlofsky, L.J., Hughes, T.J.R., Aziz, K.: “Stabilized finite element methods for coupled geomechanics – reservoir flow simulations,” SPE paper 79694, presented at the SPE Reservoir Simulation Symposium, Houston, Feb. 3-5 (2003).
- Yeten, B., Durlofsky, L.J., Aziz, K.: “Optimization of smart well control,” SPE paper 79031, presented at the SPE International Thermal Operations and Heavy Oil Symposium and International Horizontal Well Technology Conference, Calgary, Nov. 4 - 7 (2002).
- Wolfsteiner, C., Durlofsky, L.J.: “Near-well radial upscaling for the accurate modeling of nonconventional wells,” SPE paper 76779, presented at the SPE Western Regional Meeting, Anchorage, May 20-22 (2002).
- Flodin, E.A., Aydin, A., Durlofsky, L.J., Yeten, B.: “Representation of fault zone permeability in reservoir flow models,” SPE paper 71671, presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, New Orleans, Sept. 30 - Oct. 3 (2001).
- Wolfsteiner, C., Aziz, K., Durlofsky, L.J.: “Modeling conventional and non-conventional wells,” Proceedings of the 6th International Forum on Reservoir Simulation, Hof/Salzburg, Austria, Sept. 3-7 (2001) (also appearing in the Proceedings of the International Energy Agency Symposium on Enhanced Oil Recovery, Vienna, Austria, Sept. 9-12, 2001).
- Valvatne, P.H., Durlofsky, L.J., Aziz, K.: “Semi-analytical modeling of the performance of intelligent well completions,” SPE paper 66368, presented at the SPE Reservoir Simulation Symposium, Houston, Feb. 11-14 (2001).
- Wen, X.H., Durlofsky, L.J., Lee, S.H., Edwards, M.G.: “Full tensor upscaling of geologically complex reservoir descriptions,” SPE paper 62928, presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, Dallas, Oct. 1-4 (2000).
- Castellini, A., Edwards, M.G., Durlofsky, L.J.: “Flow based modules for grid generation in two and three dimensions,” Proceedings of the 7th European Conference on the Mathematics of Oil Recovery, Baveno, Italy, Sept. 5-8 (2000).
- Christie, M.A., Wallstrom, T.C., Durlofsky, L.J., Hou, S., Sharp, D.H., Zou, Q.: “Effective medium boundary conditions in upscaling,” Proceedings of the 7th European Conference on the Mathematics of Oil Recovery, Baveno, Italy, Sept. 5-8 (2000).
- Yeten, B., Wolfsteiner, C., Durlofsky, L.J., Aziz, K.: “Approximate finite difference modeling of the performance of horizontal wells in heterogeneous reservoirs,” SPE paper 62555, presented at the SPE Western Regional Meeting, Long Beach, June 19-23 (2000).
- Wallstrom, T.C., Hou, S., Christie, M.A., Durlofsky, L.J., Sharp, D.H., Zou, Q.: “Effective medium boundary conditions for upscaling relative permeabilities,” Upscaling Downunder Conference Proceedings, Melbourne, Australia, Feb. 7-10 (2000) (also Tech. Report LA-UR-99-6488, Los Alamos National Laboratory).
- Wolfsteiner, C., Durlofsky, L.J., Aziz, K.: “Efficient estimation of the effects of wellbore hydraulics and reservoir heterogeneity on the productivity of non-conventional wells,” SPE paper 59399, presented at the SPE Asia Pacific Conference on Integrated Modelling and Asset Management, Yokohama, Japan, April 25-26 (2000).
- Mascarenhas, O., Durlofsky, L.J.: “Scale up in the vicinity of horizontal wells,” Proceedings of the 20th Annual International Energy Agency Workshop and Symposium, Paris, Sept. 22-24 (1999).
- Wallstrom, T.C., Hou, S., Christie, M.A., Durlofsky, L.J., Sharp, D.H.: “Application of a new two-phase upscaling technique to realistic reservoir cross sections,” SPE paper 51939, presented at the SPE Reservoir Simulation Symposium, Houston, Feb. 14-17 (1999).
- Chambers, K.T., DeBaun, D.R., Durlofsky, L.J., Taggart, I.J., Bernath, A., Shen, A.Y., Legarre, H.A., Goggin, D.J.: “Geologic modeling, upscaling and simulation of faulted reservoirs using complex, faulted stratigraphic grids,” SPE paper 51889, presented at the SPE Reservoir Simulation Symposium, Houston, Feb. 14-17 (1999).
- Durlofsky, L.J., Milliken, W.J.: “Upscaling of geologic models for reservoir simulation,” Proceedings of the 19th Annual International Energy Agency Workshop and Symposium, Carmel, Oct. 4-7 (1998).
- Durlofsky, L.J., Milliken, W.J., Dehghani, K., Jones, R.C.: “Application of a new scale up methodology to the simulation of displacement processes in heterogeneous reservoirs,” SPE paper 28704, presented at the SPE International Petroleum Conference and Exhibition of Mexico, Veracruz, Oct. 10-13 (1994).
- Durlofsky, L.J., Jones, R.C., Milliken, W.J.: “A new method for the scale up of displacement processes in heterogeneous reservoirs,” Proceedings of the 4th European Conference on the Mathematics of Oil Recovery, Roros, Norway (1994).
- Durlofsky, L.J., Chien, M.C.H.: “Development of a mixed finite element based compositional reservoir simulator,” SPE paper 25253, presented at the SPE Reservoir Simulation Symposium, New Orleans, Feb. 28 - March 3 (1993).
- Durlofsky, L.J., Chung, E.Y.: “Effective permeability of heterogeneous reservoir regions
*,”*Proceedings of the 2nd European Conference on the Mathematics of Oil Recovery, D. Guerillot and O. Guillon, eds., Editions Technips, Paris, 57-64 (1990).

**U.S.**** Department of Energy Reports**

- Hou, T.Y., Durlofsky, L.J., Efendiev, Y., Tchelepi, H.: “Multiscale analysis and computation for flows in heterogeneous media,” Annual Report to U.S. Department of Energy (Year 1), contract no. DE-FG02-06ER25727 (2006)

(see http://www.math.tamu.edu/~yalchin.efendiev/doe_joint.html). - Durlofsky, L.J., Aziz, K.: “Advanced techniques for reservoir simulation and modeling of nonconventional wells,” Final Report to U.S. Department of Energy, contract no. DE-AC26-99BC15213 (2004) 213 pp.
- Durlofsky, L.J., Aziz, K.: “Advanced techniques for reservoir simulation and modeling of nonconventional wells,” Annual Report to U.S. Department of Energy (Year 4), contract no. DE-AC26-99BC15213 (2003) 200 pp.
- Durlofsky, L.J., Aziz, K.: “Advanced techniques for reservoir simulation and modeling of nonconventional wells,” Annual Report to U.S. Department of Energy (Year 3), contract no. DE-AC26-99BC15213 (2002) 139 pp.
- Durlofsky, L.J., Aziz, K.: “Advanced techniques for reservoir simulation and modeling of nonconventional wells,” Annual Report to U.S. Department of Energy (Year 2), contract no. DE-AC26-99BC15213 (2001) 141 pp.
- Durlofsky, L.J., Aziz, K.: “Advanced techniques for reservoir simulation and modeling of nonconventional wells,” Annual Report to U.S. Department of Energy (Year 1), contract no. DE-AC26-99BC15213 (2000) 140 pp.