Research, Development and Innovation, and Competitiveness of the Geothermal Sector in Europe
Philippe DUMAS, Andrea BOGI
Geothermal heating and cooling (H&C) and power is a growing sector in the European Union, with sustained growth rates in installed capacity all over Europe. This growth is carried by a lively and active European geothermal industry, were historical actors and new players alike are at the forefront of innovation. Thanks to a rich and strong know how, the presence of many large companies and a widespread bedrock of SMEs, Europe is among the leading industrial actors globally in geothermal. Despite its relative prominence, nevertheless, the European geothermal industry is faced with harsh competition from other geographical areas. That is particularly true in export markets, where the European geothermal sector must constantly prove its competitiveness to obtain projects. Beyond competition within the geothermal sector, there is also the question of the capacity of the European geothermal sector. An issue that questions the very structure of the European market, the robustness of its geothermal sector and the capacity of the existing regulatory framework to lay out a leveled playing field. Moreover, Europe must develop new, innovative solutions to answer the next technological challenges for an accelerated deployment of geothermal across the continent. A next generation of geothermal technologies is needed to remain number one in the world. The Geothermal implementation plan 2013-2020 produced by the Geothermal panel (RHC platform) presents a clear strategy for developing the research, development and innovation projects required to answer the challenge of the future. The first RD&I geothermal projects to implement the European Geothermal technology Roadmap started in 2014. At the same time, the European Technology & Innovation Platform on Deep Geothermal (ETIP-DG) published in 2018 & 2019 a new set of strategic papers: A Vision, a Strategic Research & Innovation Agenda and an Implementation Roadmap for Deep Geothermal Energy technologies. These documents outline the research priorities that must be developed between now and 2050 if the Vision for the future of the sector is to be achieved. This paper will present the status of the implementation with a monitoring of the first project results and an assessment of the European industrial competitiveness in this sector.
|        Topic: Policy, Legal and Regulatory Aspects||Paper Number: 03054|