Status of Geothermal Exploration and Development in Ethiopia
Solomon KEBEDE, Fikru WOLDEMARIAM, Tesfaye KASSA
[Geological Survey of Ethiopia, Ethiopia]
Status of Geothermal Exploration and Development in Ethiopia Solomon Kebede, Fikru Woldemariam and Tesfaye Kassa Geological Survey of Ethiopia, Ethiopian Electric Power and Ethiopian Energy Agency Addis Ababa, Ethiopia firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org Key words: Ethiopian Rift, Geothermal ABSTRACT Ethiopia is endowed with large geothermal potential. So far 25 prospect areas of high enthalpy geothermal resources have been identified with an estimated electrical potential of over 10,800 MW. These resources are located in the Ethiopian Rift Valley, which is part of the East African Rift System. The country has also extensive low to medium enthalpy geothermal resources. The current total installed electrical capacity from all sources has reached about 4,500 MW (mainly from hydro), with geothermal only contributing 7.3 MW. The country has planned to develop additional over 12,000 MWe from all renewable energy sources by 2030. Of this plan, 1710 MW is expected to be developed from the high enthalpy geothermal resources. The utilization of the low to medium enthalpy geothermal resources has been so far limited to bathing, in spas and swimming pools. However the exploitation of the resources for direct applications, such as green house heating, drying, aquaculture and industrial uses is foreseen in the near future. The energy policy goal of the government is to ensure a reliable supply of energy at the right time, at affordable price, in support of agricultural and industrial development. The strategy is to produce all electricity from hydropower, geothermal, wind, solar and other renewable resources, promote energy efficiency and reduce the role of hydrocarbon fuels in transport and industry. The national network of grid transmission and distribution is reserved for the public sector, where as generation and sell to the national grid, as well as the off grid space is open to both the public and the private sector. To create enabling environments for the private sector, a new geothermal law and regulations has been put in to force. The public sector is currently engaged in surface exploration and deep drilling in selected areas (Aluto Langano and Tendaho prospects). The near future plan is to develop 70 MW from Aluto Langano prospect. With regards to private sector participations, four private developers have concessions in various geothermal prospects of the country and are completing surface explorations to conduct deep exploration drilling. The contribution of geothermal electricity from independent power producers (IPP’s) may reach 1640 MW’s by 2030.
|        Topic: Country Updates||Paper Number: 01042|