World Geothermal Congress 2020+1
March - October, 2021

Country Update Report for Kenya 2015-2019

Peter OMENDA, Peketsa MANGI, Cornel OFWONA, and Martin MWANGI

[SEPCO Limited, Kenya]

Kenya is the leading country in Africa in terms of geothermal power generation and 9th in Global ranking of geothermal producing countries. Main high temperature geothermal sites under development in Kenya are located within the Kenya rift with only one project located within the Nyanza rift. Kenya is currently one of the fastest growing geothermal power producers in the world having increased its production by 218 MWe-in the last 5 years to a total installed capacity of 865 MWe contributing to about 29% of total installed electricity capacity in Kenya and about 47% of electricity consumed in 2019. The installed geothermal capacity comprises 706.8 MWe by Kenya Electricity Generating Company (KenGen), 155 MWe by OrPower4, Inc and 3.6 MWe by Oserian Development Company Ltd. Between 2015 and 2018, 45 MWe was added to the grid by Orpower4, Inc. Olkaria geothermal field is so far the largest producing site with current installed capacity of 689.7 MWe while Eburru field has installed capacity of 2.52 MWe. Direct utilization of geothermal resources installed capacity stood at 18.5 MWth (est). Geothermal power development is projected to increase by 328 MWe between 2020 and 2022 with the commissioning of the following power plants: Olkaria PPP, 140 MWe; Olkaria 1 unit 6, 83.3 MWe and 3x35 (105) MWe under development at Menengai geothermal field. The Menengai project will involve Geothermal Development Company (GDC) as steam supplier while three IPPs will each install 35 MWe. KenGen has continued to appraise and develop several sectors of Olkaria field. GDC has further mobilized a drilling rig for exploration drilling in Paka prospect and results of the first three wells are due by end of 2019. GDC also plans to drill exploratory wells in Silali, Korosi and the Greater Menengai field within the next few years. Having recognized the potential part that could be played by private investors, the Government has so far licensed thirteen IPPs to undertake greenfield projects at Barrier, Longonot, Akiira, Elementaita, Homa Hills, Menengai North, Lake Magadi, Arus, Baringo, Emuruangogolak, Namarunu, and Emuruapoli prospects. According to licensing conditions, the IPPs are required to drill exploration wells within three years of licence issuance. The Government of Kenya is continuing with its ambitious plan to increase the geothermal installed capacity to 5,000 MWe by year 2030.

        Topic: Country Updates Paper Number: 01055

         Session 3A: Country Updates 3 -- Africa [Tuesday 13th April 2021, 04:00 am] (UTC-8)
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